Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/29

Click to flip

29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Monte Alban, Oaxaca, Mexico, 3-7 c
Acoma, New Mexico, 12-17 c.

*materials (mud plaster) reflected climate
*slept on top of houses
Mont St. Michel, France, 12-16 c.

*roots are physical consideration b/c coastal plain juts out and is considered holy
Falling Water, Bear Run, Pennsylvania, Frank Lloyd Wright
1936

*all about responding and existing within nature
Condominiums, Sea Ranch, California, Moore/Lyndon/Tumbell/Whitaker, 1965

*harsh winds dictate shape and orientation to shelter
Taliesin West, Scottsdale, Arizona, Frank Lloyd Wright
1938-1969

*based on natural element (dug outs plus tents)
*thermal regulations of the desert taken into acct.
Sea Ranch, California, Laurence Halprin, planner, 1965 ff.

*development to occur "nested" against windbreaks so created cluster so as not to obliterate the beauty of nature
*pools in trench of bunkers to block wind but direct sunlight
The Woodlands, Texas, Ian McHarg, city planner, 1970 ff.

*founders to make ecological community so did 4 things to combat the geography (flooding):
1. left lowest areas as reserve for recreation
2. dredged out and made detention ponds
3. reintroduced ground swells (ditches) behind houses
4. minimized impervious cover (smaller streets, decks etc.)
Hill Towns in Tuscany, Italy

*city is compact to maximize farm land down low
*work with topography to blend line of man and nature
Swim Club, Sea Ranch, MLTW, 1967
Pont du Gard, Nimes, France, 14 A.D.

*used arch to bare weight
*thickest base on the bottom
Colosseum, Rome, 80 A.D.

*all masonry in compression, used concrete
*perfect weight distribution with arches and vaults while still remaining beautiful
Pantheon, Rome, 120-124 A.D.

*arch>vault>DOME with zero load at oculus
*combo of brick, stone, and concrete to distribute weight and create space by moving outwards
Hagia Sophia, Constantinople, Turkey, 532-537 A.D.

*domes joining semi-domes to create space and still bare weight
Ames Gate Lodge, North Easton, Massachusetts, H.H. Richardson, 1880

*"keystone element" emphasized to show how weight is distributed
*shows structural compatibility of stone and brick
Town Hall, North Easton, Massachusetts, H.H. Richardson
1884

*celebrated arch as a load transfer element while still maintaining its character
Maison Jaoul, Neuilly, France, LeCorbusier,1952-1956

*material had huge influence on design (thick masonry walls) and used segmented arch to thrust wall out while uses steel as a girdle
Morse and Stiles Hall, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.,
Eero Saarinem, 1958

*solid masonry with minimal space between creating texture and showing how it was built
Strimling House, Weston, Massachusetts, Maurice Smith
1968

*all reflects the frame of the house through the wood to show the "bending load"
Lake Shore Drive Apartments, Chicago, Mies Van Der Rohe, 1948-1951

*flexibility and openness within and among the rooms
*expression on outside showcased the frame through the steel and reinforcing plates
Deere and Co. Headquarters, Moline, Ill., Eero Saarinen,
1957-1963

*all parts and pieces on display
*focus on connection with nature shown through the openness and materials used
*overall delicate and airy
3 responses to sun orientation
1. MASSING (long faces N/S, short faces E/W)
2. FENESTRATION (windows face S, then N, then E/W)
3. SOLAR SHADING (horizontal sun shading)
Cameron Offices, Belconnen, A.C.T., Australia, John Andrews, 1972

*taking thermal conditions into consideration
*long thin buildings, fenestration on the S, horizontal shading
Tenneco Building, Houston, S.O.M., 1963
Secretariat Building, Chandigarh, India, LeCorbusier, 1958
Palace of Justice, Chandigarh, India, LeCorbusier, 1958
Assembly Building, Chandigarh, India, LeCorbusier, 1958
Dominus Winery, Napa Valley, California, Herzog and de Meuron, 1998
Simpson-Lee House, Mount Wilson, Australia, Glenn Murcutt, 1994