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64 Cards in this Set

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This historian will characterize the colonization of the Great West in American History by stating: The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development.

Frederick Jackson Turner, 1893

Name the four territories left to be carved into states in 1890.

UT, AZ, NM, OK

Which European country introduced the horse to the Native Americans?

Spanish

How did the introduction of the horse change Native American life?

They turned from a crop-growing, foot-traveling clans to ranging nomadic traders and deadly efficient buffalo hunters.

This painter will journey west first at the age of nineteen as a cowboy and ranch cook, but became the foremost artist of the vanishing way of life of the old Far West.

Frederic Remington

This treaty will mark the beginning of the reservation system in the West.

Fort Laramie in 1851

What did the White treaty makers misunderstand about both Indian government and Indian society?

“Tribes” and “chiefs” were often fictions of the white imagination, which could not grasp the fact that Native Americans usually recognized no authority outside their immediate family or perhaps a village elder. Land was communal property. No individual landownership.

What American Indian Nation will be moved into a smaller “reservation” in the Dakota and Oklahoma Territories in the 1860s.

Great Sioux reservation

Why did many Indians surrender their ancestral lands in the 1860s?

They had been promised from Washington that they would be left alone and provided with food, clothing, and other supplies.

What did the Indians received from the federal government in return for their ancestral lands?

Moth-eaten blankets, spoiled beef, and other defective provisions.

What took place at Sand Creek, Colorado in 1864 (Remember: Civil War still going on)?

Sand Creek or Chivington’s massacre

What happened to William J. Fetterman and his men when they were confronted by a Sioux war party in 1866 who was trying to block construction of the Bozeman Trail to the Montana goldfields?

Fetterman and his men were massacred.

What great Indian battle did the Fetterman massacre lead to? Where did the battle take place?

Battle of Little Big Horn. South Dakota

What two famous characters will meet in this battle?

Colonel George Armstrong Custer and Sitting Bull

Why were the Indians victorious?

1. Custer had gone so far in front the regiment with so few soldiers he was unprepared for the 2,500 Indians. 2. Indians had united to defeat the White man.

In what year did this battle take place?

1876

What famous Indian leader will surrender in 1886 in Arizona after a relentless chase?

Geronimo

This famous Indian battle will be the last in the Indian Wars which lasted from 1860s – 1890s.

Wounded Knee

Besides in battle how were the Native Americans defeated on the Plains?

The food source, the buffalo, was nearly hunted and massacred to extinction.

This author will publish A Century of Dishonor, which will chronicle the sorry record of the US governments dealing with the Native Americans.

Helen Hunt Jackson

The Battle of Wounded Knee will be caused by the Sioux trying to revive their Ancestor in this ancient tribal dance?

“Ghost Dance”

This Act will try to remove all remnants of Native American life by trying to “civilize” the Native Americans by placing them in Government run schools and forcing them to give up all their tribal lifestyles.

Dawes Severalty Act of 1887

What was the name of the Phoenix Indian School located on Central and Indian School RD?

Phoenix Indian School

What was the Carlisle School in Pennsylvania?

One of the first Indian schools created in 1879

What New Deal program will try and restore land and tribal ways to the Indians in 1934?

Indian Reorganization Act

How had the number of Indians had been reduced to 243,000 in 1887 (3Bs)?

Bullets, battles and bacteria

What did the “fifty-niners” find?

Silver

Where was the greatest Silver and mine found in 1859—primarily silver? What was its name?

Nevada; Comstock Lode

This famous trail started in Texas and would lead cattle to Abilene, Kansas to be taken to North Eastern slaughter facilities.

Chisholm Trail

What transportation device both helped the Long Drives and doomed it in the same breath? How?

Railroad. The same trains which transported cattle brought the homesteader and sheepherder out West.

What factors led to the decline of the Long Drives?

Barbed Wire to fence in the cattle, terrible winters from 1886-87, Overexpansion and overgrazing.

How did many “homesteaders” hurt the development West?

Many corporations would use “dummy” homesteaders to use the land for mineral or oil development.

What consequence did dry farming have on the mid-West in the 1880s?

Created unstable soil which caused Dust Bowl, especially the on in the 1930s

This man is responsible for perfecting the barbed wire fence, solving the problem of building fences on the treeless prairies.

Joseph Glidden

What was a “Sodbuster”?

Someone who would build his or her house out of sod. Primarily in the Mid-West.

Hoping to gain more Republican votes in the late Nineteenth Century these six states were admitted from 1889—1890.

ND, SD, MT, WA, ID, WY

This will be the last “Land Rush” by the federal government in April 1889 and sees many “sooners” illegally entered this territory before their were allowed to stake claim to land.

OK Land Rush

What was significant about the 1890 census?

The superintendent of the census announced that for the first time in America’s experience, a frontier line was no longer discernible (Manifest Destiny has been reached officially).

Where will the first US government national park be created in 1872? What was its name?

WY; Yellowstone

Which Chicago firm was the first to create the mail order catalog?

Montgomery Wards

Who in 1871 described California, “not a country of farms but a country of plantations and estates?

Henry George

This invention in the 1880s will allow food to be transported over thousands of miles across the US?

Refrigerator Car

What were the two concerns of the farmers in the late Nineteenth Century”

Low Prices and deflated currency

This famous farmer movement will be created in 1867? By who?

The Grange movement; Oliver H. Kelley

How successful was this movement?

Not very, they were not that organized.

What third party will be created in the 1880 and ran James Weaver as their presidential candidate?

Greenback Labor Party

What short-lived political party (1890s – early 1900s) will eventually leave an indelible mark on the United States?

Populist party

She was known as the “Kansas Pythoness” who led this party by stating that farmers should raise “less corn and more Hell.”

Mary E. Lease

This protest march will head towards Washington lead by “General” Jacob S. Coxey trying to ask for governmental help to the unemployed by having the Treasury issue $500 million in legal tender.

Coxey's Army protest

What famous socialist will emerge out of the Pullman Railway Strike in 1894 seen as a friend to the workingman?

Eugene V. Debs

How did President Cleveland solve the Pullman Railway Strike in 1894?

Sent in federal troops with rifles and bayonets.

What man will issue the following statement in 1897: “The issue is Socialism versus Capitalism. I am for Socialism because I am for humanity.”

Eugene V. Debs

What famous German will give rise to Socialism in the late Nineteenth Century?

Karl Marx

This man will make his famous “Cross of Gold” speech stating that “You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.” This will lead to him becoming the Democratic nominee in the 1896 presidential election.

William Jennings Bryant

By what famous “heaven-born ratio” did the Democratic party call for the unlimited coinage of silver to gold?

16 to 1

By using both silver and gold to back the American dollar what type of financial policy is this called? What is the advantage/disadvantage of this monetary policy?

Bimetallism; Advantage – You can print more of your currency which helps those people who are in debt because it makes their loans easier to pay off with more currency in circulation. Disadvantage – Creditors/banks are less likely to loan out money if the monetary policy can easily change. The more money in circulation causes their loans to be less valuable.

Who was known as the “Boy Orator of the Platte”? Why?

William Jennings Bryant; from Nebraska

This man will be responsible for the William McKinley victory in the 1896 election and later will run the Republican Party politics to victories in the early 1900s.

Mark Hanna from Ohio

Why was the Republican victory in 1896 seen as such a great victory?

Because the question of free silver will not be discussed again as it was in 1896. Big Business, big cities, middle-class values and financial conservatism won.

What did the Dingley Tariff Bill do to US tariffs rates?

Raised tariff rates to 46.5% to try and alleviate the deficit which was being created by the lowering of tariff rates.

What did the Gold Standard Act of 1900 do for the US Currency?

Provided that all paper currency be redeemed freely in gold. (equal amounts must be present on hand).

What will help bring the US out of the Panics of the 1890s?

The discovery of Gold in Canada’s Klondike area as well as Alaska, South Africa and Australia (which meant the printing of more currency).

These Americans will be the last to gain their citizenship in 1924 (ironically enough)?

Native Americans

Place the following events in chronological order: Utah admitted to the Union, Nevada Comstock Lode discovered, A Century of Dishonor published, Sand Creek massacre, Dawes Severalty Act, Census declaring the Frontier closed, Gold Standard Act, OK admitted to the Union, Indian Reorganization Act, Battle of Little Bighorn

Comstock, Sand Creek, Battle of Little, A Century, Dawes Act, Census and Frontier, Utah, Gold Standard, OK, Indian Reorganization Act