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15 Cards in this Set

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Thaddeus Stevens
Was the radical republican leader in the house. Radical Republicans wanted total suffrage for Blacks and harsher punishments for South.
William Seward 1867
Secretary of State in 1867, signed a treaty with Russia to get Alaska for 7.2 Million dollars, although he was made fun of for it, Alaska soon became a great source for oil and gas.
Freedman's Bureau 1865
Established in 1865 by a Republican congress in order to help reconstruct the South, they offered welfare, food, clothing, education, shelter to freed slaves and landless whites. Greatest success in education.
10 percent plan 1863, 1865
Created by Lincoln in 1863 and then continued by Johnson 1865, it would allow the confederate states to return to the union with only a 10% of the people swearing allegiance to the Union and accepting the 13th amendment.
Wade-Davis Bill 1864
1864 Congress' response to Lincoln's 10 percent plan, it would require 50 percent of states' voters and stronger safeguards emancipation.
Black Codes 1865
Sanctioned by president Johnson, this Black Codes restricted Black life to pratically send them back to slavery. This codes denied them rights like to serve in a jury and made sure the south had a stable and subservient labor force.
Civil Rights Act 1866
In response to the Black Codes the Republican congress aims to gives black citizen ship. Originally vetoed by Johnson it was sent back to congress and approved.
14th Amendment 1868
conferred civil rights but voting, reduced the representation of a state in congress and in the Electoral College if it denied blacks the ballot; disqualifies from federal and state office former confederates, guaranteed federal debt while repudiating confederaste debt
15th Amendmentt 1869, 1870
Gave full suffrage to black males.
military reconstruction act 1867
To punish the south more and to ensure that promises made and maintaing black rights was ensured the south was divided into five military districtsuntil they accepted the 14th Amendment (minus Tennessee which already did) and federal government had to approve of state constitutions
"Ex Parte Milligan" 1866
military tribunals could not try civilians-- even during wartime. Civilians have to be given a fair trial with a jury.
Carpetbaggers
Were people from the North like union troops or northern buisnessmen coming down to the south to profiteer through the lack on infrastructure and stability in the south
Scalawags
Were usually Unionists living in the South who would profiteer off other people in the South
Tenure of Office Act 1867
Passed by the congress, but vetoed by Johnson, the Senate was trying to impeach Stanton without having the consent of the senate. Johnson later survives the impeachment which saves the checks and balances
Force Acts of 1870 and 1871
The federal government can interfere if states didn't allow black their rights or infringed upon them, this was the case with the Ku Klux Klan