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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Open field system
dividing land amongst peasants
Crop rotation
-rotating fallow & growing land every 3 years
-eventually ran out of food
Agricultural Revolution
- 1650-1750
Enclosure
-organize land
-fencing in peasant land
Cornelius Vermuyden
-large draining project in Yorkshire & Cambridge
Jethro Tull
-English innovator
-used horses for plowing
-plant seeds with drilling equipment
-selective breeding
Turnip Townsend
-encouraged planting turnips
-improved diet & land
Tenant Farmers
-profit minded, market oriented
-new methods of farming
-fenced fields, built drains, improved soil
Estate agriculture
-looked for agriculture for a grater profit
Landless proletariat
-a worker who does not own land because of enclosures
Population explosion (post- 1750)
-women married early
-no plague
-improvements in water quality
-smallpox vaccination
The Cottage Industry
-one room cottages
-work from home
Putting-out system
-businesses sent materials out to peasants to make goods, then were sent back to sell
Weaver
-big shot
-spun textiles & threads
Spinsters
-worked on looms
-5 people per loom
-took a while
Textiles
-cloths spun by spinsters
Decline of guilds
-capitalism encouraged less government regulation
-no tariffs
-no monopolies
Spinning Jenny
-James Hargreaves
-spun cotton
The mule
-George Crompton
-cotton spinning
The mule
-George Crompton
-cotton spinning
Holy Monday
-after being paid, men went out to drink
-day off of work
The mule
-George Crompton
-cotton spinning
Holy Monday
-after being paid, men went out to drink
-day off of work
Mercantilism
-increased power of the state
-government regulation
Navigation Acts
-Oliver Cromwell (1651)
-British monopoly on trade
-targeted Dutch
Navigation Acts
-Oliver Cromwell (1651)
-British monopoly on trade
-targeted Dutch
Anglo-Dutch Wars
- 1652-1674
War of Spanish Succession
1701-1713
-France + Spain vs. Britain, Prussia, Austria, Netherlands
-Peace of Utrecht
-British victory
7 Year's War
1756-1763
-Austria, Russia, France vs. Prussia & England
-Britain gains dibs on India & gets Canada
-Treaty of Paris
Treaty of Paris
1763, ended 7 year's war
Slavery in the America's
-cheap land, demand for labor
-exploitation of blacks on plantations
Slavery in the America's
-cheap land, demand for labor
-exploitation of blacks on plantations
Atlantic slave trade/Triangular Trade
-British lead
-produced commodities for European sales
-forced migration of Africans
-rising demand for labor
Slavery in the America's
-cheap land, demand for labor
-exploitation of blacks on plantations
Atlantic slave trade/Triangular Trade
-British lead
-produced commodities for European sales
-forced migration of Africans
-rising demand for labor
Creoles
-Spanish blood, American born
Slavery in the America's
-cheap land, demand for labor
-exploitation of blacks on plantations
Atlantic slave trade/Triangular Trade
-British lead
-produced commodities for European sales
-forced migration of Africans
-rising demand for labor
Creoles
-Spanish blood, American born
Mestizos
offspring of Spanish man + Indian woman
Slavery in the America's
-cheap land, demand for labor
-exploitation of blacks on plantations
Atlantic slave trade/Triangular Trade
-British lead
-produced commodities for European sales
-forced migration of Africans
-rising demand for labor
Creoles
-Spanish blood, American born
Mestizos
offspring of Spanish man + Indian woman
Debt patronage
-holding slaves under very little pay
Adam Smith
-Scottish professor
-introduced capitalism
-no government regulation!
Adam Smith
-Scottish professor
-introduced capitalism
-no government regulation!
Capitalism
-individual profit
-no government regulation!
-free enterprise
-no tariffs
Wealth of nations
-written by Adam Smith