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55 Cards in this Set

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Family of Orientation

Father,Mother,self, and siblings.

Family of procreation

Husband, Wife and their children

Bilaterally (Bilateral Kinship)

A system which individuals trace their descent through BOTH parents.

Nuclear family

The group consisting of a father, a mother and their children.

Matrilineal Kinship

Societies that emphasize a persons ties to their mother

Patrilineal Kinship

Societies that emphasize a persons ties to their father.

Bride service

In Ju/wasi culture, when a couple marries, the groom is expected to come and live in the brides parents camp and work for her parents for as long as 10 years

matrilineage (Dala)

a lineage that is formed by tracing decent in the female line

Extended Family

Grandparents, cousins, aunts, uncles.

Patrilineage

a lineage that is formed by tracing decent in the male line

In chinese culture who is the most important figure in the family?

The father

Incest taboo

A rule that prohibits sexual relations within certain categories of kin such as brothers and sisters, cousins. (Trobriand islanders)

Clans

groups whose members consider themselves to be decended from one common ancestor.


(Trobriand islanders)

Exogamy

Marrying out of your own clan, into another.


(Trobriand islanders)

Bridewealth

Such valuables as stone ax blades, shells, and money to give to the wifes family and her father


(Trobriand islanders)

Most important relationship in chinese culture

Is between father and son

Dowry

the goods and valuables a brides family supplies to the grooms family or to the couple (chinese culture)

Sex and love among the ju/wasi

Sexuality is important and maximizes her independence.

Sex and love among the Trobriand islanders

Sexulaity is only important PRIOR to marriage, after wards motherhood and fertility is important.

Sex and love among the chinese

Romantic love and sexuality are also irrelevant in the relationship between husband and wives, the wife only main function is to produce a son

Pologamy

A person haves one or more spouse


(JU/wasi)

Polyandry

a woman has more than one husband


(ju/wasi)

polygyny

a man has more than one wife


(ju/wasi)

Partible inheritiance

A form of inheritence in which the goods or property of a family os divided among the heirs

Impartible inheritance

a form of inheritance where family property is passes undivided to one heir. In china it is usually to the eldest son.

ABIA

A program to prevent AIDS

Social identities

Views that people have of their own and others posisitions in society. Individuals seek confirmation from others that they occupy the positions on the social landscape that they claim to occupy.

Individualistic

A view of the self in which the individual is primarily responsible for his or her own actions

Holistic

A view of the self in which the individual cannot be conceived of as existing separately from society or apart from his or her status or role

Egocentric

A view of the self that defines each person as a replica of all humanity the locks of motivation s and drives-capable of acting independently from others.




The individual is the center of awareness-a distinct whole set against others (The western view)




YOU ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT PERSON IN THE GROUP

Sociocentric

a view of the self that is context-dependent: there is no intrinsic self that can possess enduring qualities




(Japan)


Ex. Japanese children are sociocentric, they are taught that interdependence between the person and the family or group is more important than independence.


OTHER PEOPLE IN THE GROUP ARE MORE IMPORTANT THAN YOURSELF


ex. suicide bombers

Identity toolbox

Features of a persons identity (gender, race, age)

Positive Identity

The attribution to people of personal characteristics believed to be desirable

Negative identity

The attribution of personal characteristics believe to be undesirable

Rites of passage

A persons passage from one identity to another (Childhood to adulthood)

Phallocentrism

The deployment of the penis as a concrete symbol of masculine social power and dominance

Principle of reciprocity

The social principle that giving a gift creates social ties with the person receiving it, who is obliged to give one back.

Commodities

Involve transfer of value and counter transfer, A sells something to B and the transaction is over.

Possessions

Good that are associated in some personal way with their producer or distributor. Gifts must be possessions before they carry meaning in an exchange.

Identity struggles

Interactions in which there is discrepancy between their identity a person claims to posses and the identity attributed ti him or her by others.

Serial monogamy

Having new wives and husbands in time.

Monogamy

One wife/one husband

Strict monogamy

No matter what you must only have one husband and one wife.


ex. if your husband dies you dont re-marry.

Trobliand islanders

Siblings are more important that spouses

Gender

The roles and expectations associated with being male/female

Margret meed

Famous anthropologist and public speaker. Went to 3 places to study culture, studies sex roles, occupation, dress. Discovered in some cultures it was women who got dressed up , in others it was the men, and others it was both men and women.


Sex roles vary between cultures.


GENDER IS A MATTER OF CULTURE, NOT BIOLOGY.

ETHNOMMUSICOLOGY

The study of music from different cultures

Why did Joan Haffiax leave western culture

Because of greed and the lack of philosophical meaning in her life

What did Joans mother's death represent

death/life as a whole

Why is stillness and solitude important

Aloneness helps us connect to things

Why is sorrow important

Sorrow can be the source for higher awareness/growth within a person

Huichol

Native american medians Joan spent time with

Peyote

Hallucinogenic plant taken for spiritual reasons

Mountains

Mountain are places of contemplation/solitiude and is symbolic of the stability of things

Sex vs Gender

Sex is assigned at birth, either male or female. Gender are the roles and expectations associated with being either male or female.