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31 Cards in this Set

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Etruscans
alien culture, civilization who invaded and were hated by Romans, Romans swore never to have monarchy again
Romulus and Remus
Romulus founded Rome and killed Remus so he couldn't take over
Patricians
wealthy upper class held the power and influence and could sit in Senate
Plebians
lower class consisted of farmers, had little or no power, were only used for land or arms because they could fight in the army
Quaestors
financial officials who assisted the consuls
Nobiles
New class formed by wealthy Plebians marrying Patricians; they could be a part of the Senate
Law of the 12 Tables
first attempt to codify Rome's harsh customs, Greatest contribution of Rome because people now knew their relationship to the law and they knew their rights
Hortensian Law
any bill introduced by Plebian assembly would become law without Senate's approval
Foederati
allies of Rome
Punic Wars
conflicts between the Romans and the Carthaginians
Hannibal
was in command of Carthaginian forces in Spain during the Second Punic War
Latifundia
abandoned farms were taken over by the wealthy, turned into large plantations for growing cash crops
Populares
roman politicians who sought to pursue a political career based on the support of the people rather than just the aristocracy
Optimates
represented the interests of the Patricians and the Senate (called themselves the Best People)
Tiberius Gracchus
made a land reform bill that no one could own or lease 620-640 acres or else it would be distributed among the Plebians;this caused conflict because land owners weren't happy, most people opposed the idea
Gaius Gracchus
also wanted change, he proposed the reelection of consuls and tribunes, administrative reforms, and the citizenship for non Romans
Marius
takes Plebians and pays them to be in the army so they are more loyal to Marius than they are to Rome
1st Triumvirate
Pompey, Crassus, Julius Caesar controlled rome with each having their own army. Pompey has legions, Crassius is manipulative with money, and Julius Caesar has support of Plebians. Crassius pays JC's debts, JC's daughter Julia marries Pompey
2nd Triumvirate: Lepidus, Marc Antony, Octavian
they join together to fight the assassins, and Octavian comes out as master of the Mediterranean world
Julio-Claudian Emperors
Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero
Flavian Emperors
Vespasian, Titus, Domitian
Antonine or 5 Good Emperors
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Anotnius Pius, Marcus Aurelius
Diocletion
makes tetrarchy- one consul above 2 augusti, above 2 caesars
Constantine
comes to throne to stabilize Rome-used Christianity as moral force of unification of empire; first Christian emperor of Rome
Theodosius
during his rule, Rome becomes un-Roman because the barbarians are all moving into Rome
Salic Law
Germanic custom: only sons can inherit territory or property
Cicero
lawer/statesman that wrote documents about philosophy, he was an honest politician
Vergil
wrote about the glory of Rome
Celsus
wrote manual on surgery
Roman Law
greatest contribution of Rome
Fall of Rome
-taxation avoided by upper class, -lead pipes, -they didn't have their own culture anymore