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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Muscles that pass anterior to the malleoli are ... (type of movement)
dorsiflexors
Muscles that pass posterior to the medial malleoli are ... (type of movement)
plantarflexors
How many fascial compartment are present in the leg?
(4)
Anterior
Lateral
Posterior deep
Superficial
In the leg, what vessels does the tibial nerve follow?
Posterior tibial artery and vein
What nerve runs with the anterior tibial artery and vein?
Deep peroneal nerve
What muscles form the superficial leg compartment?
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Plantaris
What nerve runs in between the gastrocnemius?
Medial sural cutaneous
What muscles are in the lateral leg compartment
Fibularis brevis
Fibularis longus
Which plantar flexor of the posterior leg's superficial compartment crosses the knee?
Gastrocnemius
What are the muscles of the deep posterior compartment?
Tibialis posterior
Flexor digitorum longus
Flexor hallucis longus
What are the actions of the deep posterior compartment muscles?
Plantar flexors
Invertors
Where do the deep posterior compartment muscles pass to enter the foot?
Posterior to the medial malleolus
What muscle of the deep posterior leg compartment unlocks the knee?
Popliteus
The muscles of the anterior leg compartment are all ...
Dorsiflexors
What muscle in the anterior leg compartment is a good invertor?
Tibialis anterior
What are the muscles of the anterior leg compartment?
Extensor digitorum longus
Peroneus tertius
Extensor hallucis longus
Tibialis anterior
What muscle of the anterior leg compartment connects to the 5th metatarsal and is easily ripped on inversion?
Fibularis tertius
Where do muscles of the lateral leg compartment pass to get into the foot?
Posterior to the lateral malleolus
Do the muscles of the lateral leg compartment invert or evert?
Evert
What are the muscles of the lateral leg compartment?
Fibularis longus
Fibularis brevis
What muscle of the lateral leg compartment wraps under the foot to attach at the first metatarsal?
Fibularis longus
What anterior leg compartment muscle forms a sling under the foot with the fibularis longus?
Tibialis anterior
What is the innervation to the posterior leg compartment?
Tibial nerve
What nerve innervates the anterior and lateral leg compartments?
Peroneal
The sling formed by fibularis longus and tibialis anterior attach to the base of which metatarsal?
1st metatarsal
What division of the peroneal innervates the lateral leg compartment?
Superficial
What division of the peroneal innervates the anterior leg compartment?
Deep
What artery of the leg continues onto the dorsum of the foot to become the dorsalis pedis?
Anterior tibial
What is the blood supply for the lateral leg compartment?
Fibular (peroneal) artery
The peroneal artery is a branch off of ...
Posterior tibial
What is the only "brevis" muscle in the leg?
Fibularis brevis
The plantaris tendon runs with which head of the gastrocnemius?
medial head
Toe extensor muscles in the leg will run ... to the medial and lateral malleolus.
Anterior
Toe flexor muscles in the leg will run ... to the medial malleolus.
Posterior
The flexor retinaculum is located on the ... side of the foot.
medial
The flexor retinaculum holds ...
Posterior compartment muscles.

Tibialis posterior
Flexor digitorum longus
Flexor hallucis longus
What muscles pass through the peroneal retinaculum?
(fibularis) Peroneal longus
Peroneal brevis
What compartment holds the fibularis tertius?
Anterior compartment
On what side of the foot does the fibularis tertius enter the foot?
Anterior to the lateral malleolus
What are the intrinsic muscles of the dorsum of the foot?
Extensor hallucis brevis
Extensor digitorum brevis
What nerve innervates the intrinsic muscles of the dorsum of the foot?
Deep peroneal
What artery forms the plantar arch?
Lateral plantar artery
What artery branches to give the lateral plantar artery?
Posterior tibial artery
The dorsalis pedis runs with which tendons on the dorsum of the foot?
Tibialis anterior tendon
Extensor hallucis longus tendon
What nerves supply cutaneous innervation to the lateral portion of the leg?
Lateral sural cutaneous
Superficial peroneal
What nerves give cutaneous innervation to the dorsum of the foot?
Sural nerve
Superficial peroneal
Deep peroneal
What nerve gives cutaneous innervation to the heel of the foot?
Tibial
What nerves give cutaneous innervation to the plantar surface of the foot?
Tibial
Sural
Saphenous
Lateral plantar
Medial plantar
What are the terminal branches of the tibial nerve, entering the plantar surface of the foot?
Medial plantar nerve
Lateral plantar nerve
On what side of the foot do the medial and later plantar nerve enter the plantar surface of the foot?
medial side, posterior to the medial malleolus
What are the intrinsic muscles of the plantar surface of the foot that are innervated by the medial nerve (4)?
(AFFF)

Abductor hallucis
Flexor digitorum brevis
Flexor hallucis brevis
First lumbrical
What are the intrinsic muscles of the plantar surface of the foot that are innervated by the lateral plantar nerve (6)?
(AAFF)
Adductor hallicis
Abductor digiti minimi
Flexor digiti minimi brevis
Flexor accessorius
(Lumbricals and Interosseous)