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20 Cards in this Set

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Anatomy is also known as m______
morphology
This deals with the study of the body where organs are located, how they develop, and associated structures
Anatomy
This is the study of anatomical function wheather its cooperative or individual
Physiology
examination of relatively large structures. Usually visible with naked eye
gross (macroscopic) anatomy
deals with structures that cannot be seen without magnification (i.e. microscope)
Microscopic anatomy
– a single, complete individual in science is known as
an organism
The hyman body made up of various organ systems is known as an
organ system
a mass of similar cells and cell products that form discrete region of an organ and performs a specific function.. this is known as..
tissue
– the smallest units of an organism that carry out all the basic functions of life
Cytology –
cells
microscopic structures in a cell that carry out its individual functions are known as ..
organelles
make up organelles and other cellular components are known as ...
molecule
– the smallest particles with unique chemical identities.. these are known as
atoms
All body systems working together to maintain a stable internal evironment is known as
homeostasis
During ______ body systems respond to external and internal changes to maintain a normal range (body temperature, electrolyte balance, pH, etc.)
Homeostasis
Some aspect of body function that falls outside the normal range. Failure to function within a normal range results in disease and possibly death
homeostatic imbalance
What are the three components of the feedback loop
Recepter, Integrating control center, and the effector
this component of the feed back loop senses changes in the body
receptor
This component of the feed back loop is a control center that processes the sensory information, 'makes a decision', and directs the response
Integrating center
This component of the feed back loop carries out the final corrective action to restore homeostasis
effector
What is negative feedback?
body senses a change and activates mechanisms to reverse it