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41 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Militarism
The glorification of military strength
Franz Ferdinand
The heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne
Gavrilo Princip
Serbian nationalist, killed Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie
Allied Powers
Britain, France, and Russia's alliance
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria's alliance
First Battle of the Marne
Allies pushed the German lines back some 40 miles
No-man's-land
Thin strip of bombed-out territory strewn with barbed wire and land mines
Trench warfare
Soldiers went over the top of trenches and charged across the no mans land toward the enemy trenches
Battle of the Somme
British forces suffered some 60,000 casualties in a single way
Manfred von Richthofen
German Red Baron, reported 80 kills
Edward Rickenbacker
Top American ace with 26 kills
Sussex pledge
A renewal of an earlier promise not to sink liners without warning or without ensuring thr passengers safety
Robert Lansing
Bryan's successor encouraging the trade of war materials with the Allies
National Defense Act
Increased the number of soldiers in the regular army from some 90000 to about 175000 with the ultimate goal of 223000
Zimmerman Note
A cable that proposed a Mexican alliance with Germany
Jeannette Rankin
Montana representative, "I want to stand by my country but I cannot vote for war"
Selective Service Act
Required men between 21 and 30 to register with local draft boards
William McAdoo
Secretary of the treasury, his promotions were a huge success
Food administration
Charged with regulating the production and supply of these essential resources
Herbert Hoover
Prosperous mining engineer who managed a food relief campaign for war stricken Belgium
War Industries Board
The governments central war agency
Bernard Baruch
Directer of WIB, wall street investor, had overall responsibility for allocating scarce materials, establishing production priories, and setting prices
National War Labor Board
Arbitrated disputes between workers and employers
Harriot Stanton Blatch
Headed the Food's Administration's Speaker' Bureau
Juliette Gordon Low
An active American volunteer
Great Migration
African Americans moved from the South to northern cities between 1915 and 1930
Committee on Public Information
Led a propaganda campaign to encourage the American people to support the war
Espionage Act
Outlawed acts of treason and made it a crime to utter, print, write, or publish any disloyal or abusive language criticizing the government, the flag, or the military
Sedition Act
Outlawed acts of treason and made it a crime to utter, print, write, or publish any disloyal or abusive language criticizing the government, the flag, or the military
Bolsheviks
A group of radical Russian socialists seized power
Battle of the Argonne Forest
Americans suffered some 120000 casualities
Fourteen Points
A program for World Peace
League of Nations
Final point of the Fourteen Point Plan, heart of the program, an international body designed to prevent offensive wars
Big Four
Wilson, David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, Vittorio Orlando
David Lloyd George
British prime minister
Georges Clemenceau
French premier
Vittorio Orlando
Italian prime minister
Reparations
Payments
Treaty of Versailles
Peace treaty
Henry Cabot Lodge
Head of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and Wilson's longtime enemy, led the reservations
Convoy system
Escorted by US warships, merchant vessels transported troops, supplies, and volunteers through the submarine infested North Atlantic