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536 Cards in this Set

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Cease action/attack/event/mission. [If fighter calls Abort at short range during A-A COMMIT, AIC anticipate Delouse via Directive Targeting of untargeted fighter(s) &/or Threat calls to Targeted fighter]
Initiate a briefed attack sequence or maneuver. [See: PUMP, SPIN, DEPLOY]
(system) ACTIVE * (location/direction)
Referenced emitter is radiating at the stated location or along the stated bearing. (ELINT derived.) [Opposite of DOWN, see: AWAKE, ASLEEP]
Add * (system/category)
(EW) Add a specific (system) or (EOB category) to search responsibilities.
Terminate / terminating EMCON procedures. Opposite of SNOOZE.
Request for/confirmation of bearing and range from described point to requesting aircraft. [Good Alpha Check = Fighter's position correlates with AIC's position within 3NM or less (GROUP criteria). USN usually has AIC call the fighter's POSIT, with fighter QA-ing accuracy- "Hawk, Dog 11, Good ALPHA CHECK"), but if fighter calls his Bullseye POSIT upon check-in, OK for AIC to reply- "Dog 11, Hawk, Good ALPHA CHECK"]
ANCHOR (location)
1. Directive call to orbit about a specific point.
2. Refueling track flown by tanker. [Note: ANCHOR is NOT a legit way for Fighter to request positional SA on a Group, must use Picture, Status, BRAA, etc.]
ANCHORED* (location) F
Turning engagement at the specified location [called off Bullseye, with GROUP name as appropriate, AIC honors Merge Comm restrictions, watches for THREATs & for Furball/Bittersweet calls to non-merged fighters.]
Height of friendly aircraft in thousands of feet MSL. [Never use with GROUP, NEUTRAl, or COMAIR. See: CHERUBS]
Friendly GCI/AEW/C2 agency when callsign is not known.
No ARM [Anti-Radar Missile] ordnance remaining.{See WINCHESTER, REMINGTON, SHOTGUN]
(direction) ARM
CONTACT(s) within a single group that maneuvers outside of GROUP criteria inside MELD Range. [ARMs occur when a group splits into sub-groups >3NM apart. ‘Maneuver, Range’ produces LEAD & TRAIL ARMS, ‘Maneuver, Azimuth’ produces E-W or N-S ARMs. Outside MELD, AIC should try to call a NEW PICTURE rather than use ARMs.]
Unit or element will be performing exactly as briefed. [AS FRAGGED = No deviations from tasked numbers/ ordnance load & no major system failures. Opposite term is 'with Exceptions' or 'with Alibis.' “Hawk, Dog 11, checking in, AS FRAGGED Ice 360/30, 27K, WORDS Bravo"]
(EW) No longer detecting land/surface emitter activity via COMINT. Opposite of AWAKE [See; ACTIVE, DOWN, EMPTY]
Directive command to commence air-to-surface delivery on a specific ground target. Direction / bearing from which the weapon will be coming may be given. Not to be used in a CAS engagement.
Aircraft are committed to air-to-surface delivery on a specific ground target.
A coded challenge or a response to a coded challenge.[Challenge: "Dog 11, Hawk, AUTHENTICATE ABC" Response- "Dog 11, Z." No need to be super verbose & reply- "Dog 11, I AUTHENTICATE Z," although it is legal to do so.
Any communications relay using automatic retransmissions.
Land/Surface emitter activity detecting via COMINT. Opposite of ASLEEP. [See ACTIVE, DOWN, EMPTY]
(weapon) AWAY
Release/launch of specified weapon. (e.g. BIRDS AWAY, PIGS AWAY, LONG RIFLE AWAY, etc.) NOTE: Include launch location in bullseye format and weapons track direction for PIGS and LONG RIFLE.
AWOL (violation)
Informative call indicating violation of assigned procedural deconfliction measure.
1. A picture label describing 2 groups separated laterally. Group names will be referenced by cardinal directions. (e.g., NORTH GROUP-SOUTH GROUP or EAST GROUP-WEST GROUP).
2. (S/A) Direction to the threar
Aircraft positively identified as an enemy IAW theater identification criteria. The term doesn't necessarily imply direction or authority to engage. [See HOSTILE]
Execute / executing launch and decide tactics with intent to maneuver into the visual arena. [See: SKATE, SHORT SKATE, ABORT, IN, OUT, EXIT]
BASE (+/- Number)
Reference number used to indicate such information as headings, altitude, fuels, etc.
Last transmission potentially disclosed unauthorized information. [If another unit calls BEAD WINDOW on you, the only response is "Hawk, ROGER, OUT." Don't argue on the radio about whether your original call was OK.]
BEAM (with direction)
Target stabilized within 70-110 degrees of aspect. [Usually given in cardinal/subcardinal directions- BEAM East or SE, vice 120]
(system) BENT
System indicated is inoperative. Cancelled by SWEET. [See SICK, SOUR]
Fuel state needed for recovery.
BIRD (number)
Friendly surface-to-air missile (SAM).
ONE: Semiactive radar SAM
TWO: Exoatmospheric SAM
THREE: Active radar SAM
[Enemy SAM is “SAM” on radio]
BIRD(S) 1/2/3 AWAY (Group Name)
FRIENDLY SAM has been fired at designated target
Friendly unit is able and prepared to engage a specified target with SAMs. Friendly unit has fire control solution on a specified target with SAMs. Opposite of BIRD(S) NEGATE.
Surface-to-Air informative call indicating a friendly unit is unable to engage a specified target with SAMs. Opposite of BIRD(S) AFFIRM.
Notification of possible blue-on-blue (fratricide) or blue-on-neutral situation. [Use in DECLARE reply if Friendly or Neutral is within 5NM (or other briefed NM) of Hostiles. USAF/NATO tend to say FURBALL instead.]
No visual contact with friendly aircraft/ground position; opposite of VISUAL [See: NO JOY, TALLY].
Continue straight ahead at the merge and not become ANCHORED with target(s). [See: BUGOUT, SEPARATE, EXTEND, ANCHORED]
A radar or visual air CONTACT whose identity is unknown. [See: HOSTILE, BANDIT. Usually partial ID brevity words (SPADES, OUTLAW, GOPHER, etc.) are voiced after BOGEY, if available. Note: USAF STAN is to voice BOGEY only if no partial ID words are available on the CONTACT, otherwise USAF just voices the partial ID words by themselves. (USN- 'BOGEY, SPADES, GOPHER' vs USAF- 'SPADES, GOPHER')
Request for target information as requested or [if no GROUP specified] for closest group in BRAA (with appropriate fill-ins). [USAF tends to say 'BOGEY DOPE
X GROUP' vice 'BRAA X GROUP.' USN only uses BOGEY DOPE w/o GROUP names (2nd Def.)]
A picture label with groups in a square or offset square. See CHAMPAGNE & VIC for GROUP names.
1. Following information is in a tactical control format providing target Bearing, Range, Altitude, and Aspect, relative to the specified friendly aircraft.
2. Switch to BRAA format to a specific GROUP / CONTACT
BRACKET (direction)
Maneuver to a position on opposing sides, either laterally or vertically from the target. [Friendly Code Word, Bad Guys PINCE]
BREAK (Direction) F
Perform an immediate maximum performance turn in the indicated direction. (default is a 180 degree turn) [Assumes a defensive situation requiring infrared missile defense (IRMD).]
Break Away
Tanker or receiver call indicating immediate vertical and nose/tail separation between tanker and receiver is required.
Loss of host radar/IR lock-on.
Broken Spur
Helicopter buddy/self extraction is not possible
Friendly air launched anti-ship missile. [See: BULLDOG]
Locked to a known friendly aircraft. Normally a response to a SPIKE or a BUDDY SPIKE.
BUDDY SPIKE (Posit/ Heading/Alt) F
Friendly system radar lock-on indication on radar warning receiver (RWR). [Posit off B/E. Spiked Fighter response to RAYGUN (NATO: SHINING) call]
Separation from that particular engagement/ attack/ operation; with no intent to reengage or return. [See EXTEND, SEPARATE, BLOW THROUGH]
Friendly surface/submarine launched anti-ship missile. [See: BRUISER]
An established reference point from which the position of an object can be referenced by bearing (magnetic) and range (NM) from this point.
Bullseye Check F
Request for confirmation of ownship position from BULLSEYE. [Same as an ALPHA CHECK. USAF term, not an offical ALSA word, included for clarity.]
Directive call to fly at maximum continuous speed (military power). [See: GATE, SAUNTER, LINER, CRUISE]
Radio channel setting.
Electronic communications jamming. NOTE: same as NATO term, CHATTER
A chemstick tied to a string swung overhead to mark a friendly position
Electronic warfare (EW) targeting information is available on a briefed secure net.
CAP (ING) (location)
1. Establish a CAP at specified location

2. Aircraft established in an orbit
Captured (target / object)
Specified surface target / object has been acquired and is being tracked with an onboard sensor.
CEASE (activity)
Discontinue stated activity; e.g. CEASE BUZZER, CEASE LASER, CEASE SPARKLE, etc.
A fire control order used to direct units to stop tactical action against a specified target. Guided missiles already in flight will continue to intercept.
Discontinue firing/ do not open fire. Missiles in flightare allowed to continue to intercept; Continue to track.
A picture label describing three distinct GROUPs with two in front and one behind. GROUP names should be NORTH LEAD GROUP and SOUTH LEAD GROUP or WEST LEAD GROUP and EAST LEAD GROUP and TRAIL GROUP. [CHAMPAGNE is X WIDE, then Y DEEP.]
1.* (AIR-MAR) The expected landing time on the ship.
2. (AIR-MAR) Directive to land aircraft on ship.
3.* (time in minutes) (AIR-MAR) An advisory call modifying/delaying the briefed recovery time (e.g., CHARLIE TEN).
Begin using briefed radio procedures to counter communications jamming.
AIM-120 missile data link terminated between high pulse repetition frequency (HPRF) and medium pulse repetition frequency (MPRF). [See: PITBULL, HUSKY, MADDOG]
CHECK (number, left/right)
Turn (number) degrees left or right and maintain new heading. [See: LEAN]
1. Air Defense Commander request for unit(s) to provide amplifying information on a specified track.
2. Reply/informative to Air Defense Commander followed by positive track information using format specified in applicable OPTASK document.
Height of a friendly aircraft in hundreds of feet AGL. [Only used when Friendly is 900 ft or lower. 1,000 ft altitude is voiced as ANGELS 1, NOT cherubs 10. See: ANGELS]
Administrative term used to denote Friendly aircraft. [For ID declaration purposes, always say FRIENDLY, universally understood, not CHICKS. Tanker with customers has "CHICKS in tow."]
1. No sensor information on non-friendly group of interest. [Note: CLEAN reserved for BOGEY/ BANDIT/ HOSTILE, use NEGATIVE CONTACT if no SA on FRIENDLY aircraft]
2. No visible battle damage.
3. Aircraft not carrying external stores. [See: DIRTY def. 3]
Response to requested action is authorized. Note: engaged/support roles not established. [Can be a Fighter Merge ACM word. See; PRESS, SUPPORTING, ENGAGED, NEGATIVE, DEFENSIVE]
1. [A/S] Type 1 and 2 close air support terminal control clearance to release ordnance on this pass. [AICs should treat CLEARED HOT as reserved for JTACs-only to prevent confusion. AIC relaying HHQ clearance to drop during TST, etc. tasking should use CLEARED TO ENGAGE or DROP.]
2. Training range operations: RCO / RSO authorizes ordnance release
1. (A/S) JTAC CAS Type 3 terminal attack control clearance. Attack aircraft flight leaders may initiate attacks within the parameters imposed by the JTAC. Attack platform will provide ATTACK COMPLETE call to JTAC, indicating completion of ordnance release.
2. Clearance to fire on designated group / target
Decreasing in separation. [See: OPENING]
1. (A/A) Initiate/ Initiating a turn in the CAP away from the anticipated threats
2. (A/S) Defined area not expected to receive fire (friendly or enemy)
3. (A/A) Intercept geometry will result in a pass or roll-out behind the target.
4. (A/A) Contact aspect stabilized 0-20 degrees from tail or 160-180 degrees from nose.
COLOR** (System/Position)
Request for information on a type (system) at stated location; implies a request for ambiguity resolution. May be used with datalink data message- (e.g., COLOR, DATA. [Reply is TAG]
COMEBACK (direction) F
Directive call to reverse course..
COME OFF (direction) F
1. (A/A) Maneuver as indicated to either regain mutual support or to deconflict flight paths. Implies both VISUAL and TALLY.
2. *(A/S) Directive call to maneuver or execute a specific instruction (e.g., COME OFF DRY).
1. Intercept the GROUP(s) of interest.
2. Set briefed intercept geometry
Chaff lane or corridor.
Unknown / nonfriendly aircraft leaving contrails. [See: MARKING]
1. Sensor SA at the stated position. [“Dog 11, CONTACT, Ice 270/25, 20K, Declare”]
2. Acknowledges sighting of a specified reference point, visually or via sensor.
3. Individual radar return within a GROUP or ARM. [Note: To prevent confusion, avoid using CONTACT when switching assets to a new radio channel. Say- "Dog 11, KICK (or PUSH) Giant Killer, 361.3." Don't say- "Dog 11, CONTACT Giant Killer, 361.3." In ALSA, CONTACT is always a noun! ]
Inner group formation with four CONTACTS oriented in a square or offset square.
Continue present maneuver, does not imply a change in clearance to engage or expend ordnance.
Continue present maneuver, ordnance release not authorized. Note: Simulated weapons deliveries may be performed.
Assign S/A weapons or establish an A/A posture that will allow engagement of a specified track or threat if required. [See: BIRDS AFFIRM, HOUNDDOG]
CRANK (Direction) F
F-Pole maneuver in the direction indicated; implies illuminating target at / near radar GIMBAL limits. [Friendly-only code word, GROUPS FLANK]
Two GROUPs initially separated in azimuth decreasing azimuth separation to pass each other. [CROSSING call is valid only when GROUPS are >3NM & OPENING, See: PASSING, CLOSING, OPENING]
CUTOFF (direction)
Request for, or directive to, intercept using cutoff geometry. [Fighter= "Hawk, Dog 11, CUTOFF Trail GROUP" AIC- "Dog 11, CUTOFF (or VECTOR) 070; Trail GROUP BRAA 020/25, 20K, FLANK SE, (ID)"]
Any UAV.
(A/S, S/S) Friendly troops are within 0.1% PI distances from the target (determined by the weapon/munition delivered/fired). NOTE: Specific DANGER CLOSE distances, assumptions, and procedures are contained in J-Fire MTTP pub.
DASH (number)
Aircraft position within a specfic flight. Use if the callsign is unknown.
Data (object, position)
Standby for data link message concerning object at stated location.
Laser designator system inoperative.
Inquiry as to the identification of a specified track(s), target(s), or correlated GROUP. Responses include FRIENDLY, BOGEY, BANDIT, HOSTILE, NEUTRAL, UNABLE, or CLEAN. Full positional data must accompany declaration responses. [AIC owes fighter a reply to each DECLARE call. USN STAN- AIC response to DECLARE call- “(AIC Callsign), (Name) GROUP (or ARM/ CONTACT), Bullseye X/Y, Altitude, Aspect, ID.” If USN Fighter is <MELD, he Declares in BRAA & AIC replies in BRAA- “(FTR Callsign), (Name) GROUP (or ARM/ CONTACT), BRAA X/Y, Altitude, Aspect, ID.” Note: USAF STAN is to always DECLARE off Bullseye (except for SNAPLOCK) & to omit aspect from Declare responses unless required to eliminate ambiguity.]
Descriptive term used to indicate separation between the nearest and farthest GROUPS in range in a relative formation in three or more groups; used to describe a LADDER, VIC, CHAMPAGNE, BOX
DEFENDING (with direction) F
Aircraft is in a defensive position and maneuvering with a reference to a surface to air threat. [S/A Code Word. Voiced on PRI Freq. See: DEFENSIVE.]
Defensive F
Aircraft is under attack, engaged, maneuvering defensively, and unable to ensure deconfliction or mutual support. [A/A Code Word. See: DEFENDING. USN will voice on Aux Freq.]
Directive call to detect, identify, and engage (if required) unknown platform trailing friendly aircraft.
Deploy F
Maneuver to briefed positioning.
Request for modified J-FIRE 9-line/15-line (NATO) brief
RWR indication of surface threat in search mode. See MUD. [See also SINGER, SAM]
1. Link is not encrypted.
2. Aircraft in landing configuration.
3. Aircraft is equipped with external stores. [Status of intercepted aircraft, reported by interceptor. Dirty A-A or A-G, with number & type.]
DOG (status) F
Air towed decoy.
Collared- Decoy retracted
Leashed- Decoy extended
Snipped- Decoy is severed from aircraft
Link-4A/TADIL C.
Aircraft data has been input into the host aircraft as a flight, team or donor to enable target/data sharing among tactical data link participants
(system) DOWN (location/ direction)
(EW) Referenced emitter has stopped radiating at the stated location or along the stated bearing. NOTE: DOWN does not mean system destroyed. [Opposite of ACTIVE, see EMPTY, AWAKE, ASLEEP]
DRAG (Cardinal / Subcardinal Direction)
Target stabilized at a 0-60 degree angle from the tail or a 120-180 degree angle from nose. [See: COLD def. 4]
1. (A/A) Stop / stopping monitoring a specified emitter/target and resume / resuming search responsibilities. [AIC MONITORs all Groups DROPPED by Fighters]
2. (TRACK No.) Remove the emitter/target from tactical picture/track stores.
3. *(EW) Directive call to remove a specific system or EOB category from search responsibilities.
ECHELON (sub-cardinal Direction)
Picture fill-in [after RANGE/LADDER or AZIMUTH/WALL] describing GROUPs aligned behind and to one side of the closest GROUP.
Positive System M / Mode X (or comparable system) reply.
No emitters of interest detected. [See DOWN, ACTIVE, AWAKE, ASLEEP]
Intra-flight call from an aircraft maneuvering in the visual arena to relinquish deconfliction responsibilities. [Merge ACM word. See; CLEARED, SUPPORTING, PRESS, DEFENSIVE]
Call made when reaching assigned geographic location. [Not yet an official ALSA word]
Provides estimate of the size, range, height, or other parameter of a specified contact; implies degradation.
EXIT (w/ cardinal /subcardinal direction) F
Individual aircraft is executing a max performance defensive maneuver to turn cold to the threat. [Not yet an official ALSA word, used by USAF when SPIKED during a BANZAI]
Extend/ Extending (w/ direction) F
Short term maneuver to gain energy, distance, or separation, with the intention of re-engaging.
1. Fighter with primary visual identification responsibility. [See: SHOOTER]
2. EO/IR/NVD acquisition of an aircraft. Normally followed by number of aircraft observed (if more than one).
EO/IR contacts are viewed in narrow field of view & are too close for resolution via radar.
Radar contact is lost or unknown/non-friendly group. [Say: NEGATIVE CONTACT for Friendlies. Use FADED if you’ve recently lost radar contact (>30sec but <1 minute w/o SA. See: VANISHED, CLEAN]
Target speed is 600-900 knots ground speed/Mach 1 to 1.5.. [See VERY FAST, SLOW, VERY SLOW. Note: there is no MEDIUM in ALSA]
Surface TACAN station.
Flying over water/land.
Set cockpit switches as appropriate before entering/exiting the combat area. [Abbreviation of: Fire Control, ECM, NAV, COMM, Expendables]
FLANK (w/direction)
Contact aspect stabilized at a 120-150 degree angle from the tail or a 30-60 degree angle from the nose. [See: HOT, BEAM, DRAG]
FLASH (system)
1. Temporarily activate specified system for identification purposes (IFF/afterburner/flare/chaff/etc.).
2. Clear the net immediately, critical information to follow.
Flashlight F
Directive turn for helicopter to turn on IR flood light (pointed at ground to aid in visual acquisition by escort aircraft.)
Visually identified nationality of a contact.
FLOAT (ing) F
Expand / expanding the formation laterally within visual limits to maintain radar contact or prepare for a defensive response. [If fighters are defensive, AIC prepares for un-targeted fighter to request BRAA after section FLOATS.]
FLOW (Direction)*
Fly stated heading. [Note: FLOW is for Friendlies, GROUPs TRACK (Direction)]
FOX (Number) F
Simulated/actual launch of air-to-air weapons.
ONE - semiactive radar-guided missile.
TWO - infrared-guided missile.
THREE - active radar-guided missile.
VHF/FM radio.
A positively identified friendly aircraft, ship, or ground position. [See: CHICKS]
Non-friendly and friendly aircraft are in close proximity to each other. Can be a response to a DECLARE request. [Note: Use 5NM unless briefed otherwise. Traditionally preferred by USAF/ NATO over BITTERSWEET. Previous definition as 'turning engagement' is obsolete.]
Radar or emitter equipment.
Directive/informative call to fly as quickly as possible, using after-burner/max power. [NOTE: USAF may say BURNER vice GATE, See: BUSTER, CRUISE, SAUNTER]
Radar target is approaching azimuth or elevation tracking limits. [GIMBAL call may lead to a SPLIT to TARGET the GROUP or DROP GROUP, IAW Fighter Lead's decision. AIC Monitors dropped GROUP's aspect & location, calls THREAT as req.]
Go to briefed frequency agile (HAVE QUICK) net. [Note: 2012 ALSA Deletion, included for clarity. ]
Switch to broadcast control format. [“Hawk, Go BROADCAST” Format: “Hawk, (X) Grps, Grp B/E X, Altitude, Track North, ID' Do not Label/Name Groups. See: GO TACTICAL, BRAA, BOGEY DOPE. Note: 2012 ALSA Deletion, included for clarity.]
Use encrypted voice communications. [USN will say “Go Green”, most USAF pilots understand “Go Green” but be prepared to say “Go Secure” if you run into one who doesn’t. Note: 2012 ALSA Deletion, included for clarity. ]
Switch to tactical control. [AIC directed to use Picture Labels, Group Names & Tactical aspect (Hot/Flank vice Track) vice Group B/E, Group B/E, Group B/E. Does NOT imply using BRAA. See GO BROADCAST. Note: 2012 ALSA Deletion, included for clarity. ]
A CONTACT that has NOT conformed to safe passage routing, airspeed, or altitude procedures. Will only be used when safe passage or minimum risk routing (MRR) procedures are part of an ID matrix. [See: RIDER]
Large force of indeterminate numbers and formation of unfriendly aircraft.
All HOSTILE aircraft of a designated track (or against which a mission was tasked) are shot down.
GREASE (heading/altitude) F
A defensive maneuver designed to maximize merge survivability. Use cardinal / subcardinal direction for heading. [Not an official ALSA word yet]
GREEN (Direction)
Direction of no known enemy threats. [Use cardinal /subcardinal]
Friendly ground attack cruise missile (e.g., TLAM). [See: QUAIL, VAMPIRE]
1. Any number of air contacts within 3 NM in azimuth & range of each other. [NOTE: US no longer uses +/- altitude as part of GROUP criteria. Do NOT call Friendly /Neutral/Comair as GROUP, only Bogey, Bandit & Hostile are GROUP]
2. (AIR-MAR) Any number of surface contacts within 1NM of each other.
Guide (w/ cardinal direction/ location)
Directive term to intercept and move TOI as directed using ICAO procedures.
Guns F
Aircraft gun being employed.
1. Link 16 Air Control NPG initiation between air control unit and controlled aircraft.
2. ** Video datalink established, Opposite of HOLLOW.
Hard (LEFT,RIGHT, direction) F
High G-energy sustaining 180-degree turn (or as directed) in the indicated direction.
HEADBUTT (with direction)
Directive term to fighters/interceptors to immediately divert a track of interest clear of a restricted or prohibited area. [Some platform have an INTERVENE Link-16 MAD which means the same as HEADBUTT. INTERVENE brevity word was a 2012 ALSA deletion]
Alert of an activity of interest. [Say this instead of 'Be Advised,' which is not in ALSA]
A GROUP known to contain three or more CONTACTS
Contact is greater than 40,000 ft MSL
1. Momentary radar return(s). [Definition 1 is used by AICs for radar video not solid enough to be a GROUP/ARM/CONTACT]
2. (A/A) (Altitude) Indicates approximate target altitude (e.g., Dog 11 GROUP BULLSEYE 360/10, HITS 15 thousand). [Only Fighters use this definition, not AIC. Say ESTIMATE if altitude is approximate]
3. (A/G) Weapons impact within lethal distance.
Hold Down
Key transmitter for DF steer.
An emergency fire control order to stop firing on a designated target to include destruction of any missiles in flight. [See: CEASE FIRE]
Aircraft in visual formation.
Home airfield or ship.
1.(w/Direction) Directive call to perform an in-place 180 degree turn.
2. (descriptor) Datalink directive call to cue sensors to described A/S point (point of interest, SAM, markpoint, TN, etc.)
A contact positively identified as enemy upon which clearance to fire is authorized in accordance with theater rules of engagement. WARNING: The above use of HOSTILE is used as a brevity term for air-to-air engagments and should not be confused with the same term in TADIL & ROE.
1. Initiate/ Initiating a turn in the CAP toward the anticipated threats.
2. Defined area is expected to receive fire (enemy or friendly).
3. (A/S) Ordnance employment intended or completed.
4. Contact aspect stabilized at 160-180 degrees angle from tail or 0 - 20 degrees angle from nose.
5. Intercept geometry will result in passing in front of the target.
HOTDOG (color)
Informative/directive call that a friendly aircraft is approaching or is at a specified standoff distance from the sovereign airspace of a nation (as defined by national boundaries or territorial sea and airspace). (COLOR may indicate additional standoff distance.) Follow briefed procedures.
HF radio. [Also voiced as HIGH FOX]
Active radar missile is at HPRF active range. [See: CHEAPSHOT, PITBULL. HUSKY= AMRAAM is HPRF active & datalink active, CHEAPSHOT= missile datalink cut while HPRF active]
1. Identify the target/track.
2. Identification is accomplished, followed by type.
1. Informative call indicating a turn toward a known threat. Opposite of OUT
2. Entering terminal phase of an air-to-ground attack. Opposite of OFF.
In Place (w/ direction) F
Perform indicated maneuver simultaneously.
Contact is in known radar blind zone. [See FADED, VANISHED, CLEAN]
Mode 4 IFF [See PARROT]
Establish visual contact with cockpit of TOI, attempt communcations and report all observations of activity. [Implies closure within 500ft. Multiple passes may be required depending on TOI airspeed.]
Interrogate the designated contact of the identification friend or foe (IFF)/selective identification feature (SIF) mode indicated.
An individual, unit or weapon system in or near an operational or exercise area, which represents the threat of intelligence gathering or disruptive activity.
1. (A/S) Verify specified element(s) of ROE, PID, CDE, and/or coordination of forces on the
referenced target/ track.
2. (AIR MAR) Verify specified element(s) of ROE, PID, Clear Field of FIre, and/or coordination of forces on the
referenced target/ track.
Non-friendly jammer.
Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR)
Jink F
Directive call to perform an unpredictable maneuver to negate a gun tracking solution.
Aircrew has taken control of the intercept and only requires situation awareness information; Controller will minimize radio transmissions. [Note: Today, this call indicates fighter dissatisfaction with the AIC's control.]
In training, fighters are TALLY or EYEBALL at assessed missile timeout. [Training use ONLY. Implies fighter is able to verify shot termination parameters for simulated destruction of adversary . See: SPLASH, TIMEOUT, VANISHED]
Cease all air combat maneuvers / attacks / activities / exercises (training use only). [See: TERMINATE]
Picture label describing three or more GROUPs on the same azimuth but separated in range. Group names should be LEAD GROUP, MIDDLE GROUP, TRAIL GROUP. [Say: “3 Group LADDER, XX DEEP” to reinforce that it’s a 3 (or 4) Group Label, not an Range XX. USN 4 GROUP LADDER Names are LEAD, LEAD MIDDLE, TRAIL MIDDLE, TRAIL. USAF 4 GROUP Names= LEAD, 2nd, 3rd, TRAIL.]
An aircraft in a minor state of emergency.
Command and control (C2) term that provides the last contact altitude from a high fidelity source (fighter radar, etc.). [Example: “Chalice, East Group, BRAA 090/20, 23,000 LAST, Hostile” Used more by USAF controllers.]
Inner group formation of 2 CONTACTS separated in range.
The groups closest to the fighters meeting labeling criteria in a multiple group formation. Used when all groups cannot be included using a traditional label or label with an additional group. [Note: 2012 ALSA deleted this term from the list, but USN still uses it]
Airborne threat has passed through a defensive layer. Call should include amplifying information. [Anchor off B/E with fill-ins, especially Track Direction & ID]
LEAN (direction)
Offset package / element in specified direction maintaining briefed altitude, airspeed, and formation. (NOTE: LEANs need to be at least 40-50 degrees. Equivalent NATO term is KICK)
A GROUP shows bias to one [friendly] element over another
Level F
1. Contact is co-altitude. (Intra-flight call)

2. Briefed altitude has been reached
Line Abreast
Inner group formation of 2 or more contacts separated in azimuth.
1. (w/Group Label) Radar lock-on; SORT is not assumed.
2. (w/Position) Radar lock-on; correct targeting is not assumed.
Friendly, long range A/S missile launch (e.g. AGM-130, SLAM- ER). See (weapon) AWAY.
Aircrew does not have the ground object, reference point, or target in sight (opposite of CONTACT)
A CONTACT less than 5,000 ft AGL. [see HIGH]
A request for the tactical ground picture in an area of interest.
Visual AIM-120 launch.
Specified GROUP is maneuvering in azimuth, range, and/or altitude.
Friendly aircraft leaving contrails. [See: CONNING]
Establish/Established at a specific point. [See CAP]
1. Bias radar coverage IAW briefed parameters.
2. Shift radar responsibilities from sanitizing to gaining SA on assigned GROUP.
1. Friendlies and targets have arrived in the visual arena.
2. Radar returns have come together.
HAVE QUICK time-of-day (TOD) signal.
C2 sensors are unavailable due to degradation. Opposite of SUNRISE.
1. (A-G) Informative call indicating completion of A-G ordnance delivery. Generally used by the last striker in conjunction with a pre-coordinated egress plan.
The radio frequency is becoming saturated, degraded or jammed and briefer transmissions must follow.
MONITOR (ING) (GROUP / object)
1. [A/A][A/S] Maintain / maintaining sensor awareness on specified GROUP / object. Implies that tactically significant changes will be communicated. [AIC term, same as TARGET for Fighters: keep radar SA & ID on a GROUP]
2.* (AIR-MAR) Maintain contact/targeting information on a maritime surface contact. [Replaces BIRDDOG]
Parent ship.
Unidentified surface vehicles(s) in motion.
MUD (type/ w/bearing & range if able) F
1. RWR ground threat displayed with no launch indication
2. RWR indication of surface threat in track mode. See DIRT and SINGER. [See also: SAM, SPIKE, NAILS]
Radar electronic deceptive jamming. [Fighter is detecting false contacts from a GROUP. "Eagle 1, MUSIC East GROUP." USAF STAN- response is similar to STATUS- "Chalice, East GROUP Bullseye 220/25, 25K, FLANK SE, HOSTILE, 3 CONTACTs." Key fill-ins are Track direction & Strength. See: STROBE]
NAILS (direction) F
1. RWR indication of AI radar in search. [Requires AIC response, give Range, Alt., Aspect, ID & Grp Name. See: SPIKE, NAKED. NATO term is SPOTTED]
2. * [A/S] 2.75-inch flechette rockets.
No RWR indications. [Opposite of SPIKE/NAILS]
No sensor information is available on a friendly aircraft. [Do not say CLEAN when talking about Friendlies]
Used by controller or aircrew when tactical picture has changed. Supersedes all previous calls and re-establishes picture for all players. [Use only after TACTICAL Label already applied to Picture. No “New Picture” in Broadcast Control]
A positively identified aircraft, ship, or ground position whose characteristics, behavior, origin or nationality indicate that it is neither supporting nor opposing FRIENDLY forces.
Not a threat. [A GROUP >Threat range could still be a Factor Group- need to brief with fighters what they consider ‘NO FACTOR’]
Aircrew does not have visual contact with the target/bandit/landmark. Opposite of TALLY. [See: BLIND, VISUAL. Also used with reference to negative radio contact on a new freq. "Hawk, Dog 11, NO JOY with Chalice, Blue 1"]
NOTCH (ING) (direction) F
Aircraft is in a defensive position. Maneuver(ing) with reference to a threat. [Friendly only. See: BEAM]
OFF (direction) F
Attack is terminated and maneuvering to the indicated direction.
Off Station
Unit/aircraft is not in position or no longer performing assigned tasks. Opposite of ON STATION. [not in ALSA, included for clarity]
OFFSET (direction)
Maneuver in a specified direction with reference to the target.
Unit/aircraft has reached assigned station. [Deleted from 2012 ALSA, but still in use- included for clarity]
Increasing in separation.
Hold / holding on current or indicated position [Deleted from 2012 ALSA]
OUT (direction) F
Turn / turning to a cold aspect relative to a known threat. [See: IN. Used in launch and leave tactics. In a section, directive by Lead for all flight members to execute.]
CONTACT has met point of origin criteria for ROE.
Geographically isolated collection of GROUPS outside of briefed range. [USAF briefed range is Bounding Range, all Groups >BR are Packages]
Pacman F
[NATO] Fighters have found the end of the threat formation and are converting; given in range and bearing from the BULLSEYE (e.g. “BLUE 44 is PACMAN Bullseye 290/5”).
Informative call indicating aircrew cannot take eyes off an aircraft, ground target, or surface position without risk of losing TALLY/VISUAL.
An interrogated GROUP/radar contact that is responding with any of the specified IFF/SIF modes and correct codes established for the ID criteria.
IFF/SIF transponder. [USN tends to refer to Mode II as PARROT, USAF/NATO uses for Modes I/II/III.]
Two GROUPs initially separated in range, decrease range separation and pass each other.  [PASSING call is valid only when GROUPS are >3NM & OPENING. See: CROSSING, CLOSING, OPENING]
Perform non-traditional ISR on the referenced target/track.
Directive call for an aircraft to strafe 1000 ft ahead of the bow of a vessel.
A request to provide air information pertinent to the mission in a digital bullseye format unless briefed otherwise. [Depending on brief & Commit/Picture Range & MELD Range, PICTURE format may BROADCAST BULLSEYE or TACTICAL BULLSEYE or BRAA to closest Factor Group. USAF Controller response is a FULL update on ALL Factor Groups anchored off BULLSEYE, USN may brief anchoring only the closest Factor Group(s) in B/E or BRAA. See: STATUS, SEPARATION, BOGEY DOPE, BRAA, SNAP, SNAPLOCK]
Friendly glide weapon (i.e., JSOW). See (weapon) AWAY.
Magnetic bearing and range to HOMEPLATE.
Threat maneuvering for a bracket attack. [See: BRACKET]
Informative call that the AIM-120 is at MPRF active range. [See HUSKY, CHEAPSHOT, MADDOG]
Pitch/Pitchback F
Execute a nose-high heading reversal.
Cooperating Aircraft.
Amount of time aircraft can remain on station, given in hours plus minutes (e.g. ONE PLUS THIRTY equals one hour and thirty minutes)..
(freq) Pogo (freq)
Switch to communication channel number preceding POGO. If unable to establish communications, switch to channel number following POGO. If no channel number follows POGO, return to this channel. [Only use 1st POGO definition: (On Freq A) “C/S, Switch Freq B POGO Freq C.” Do NOT say “C/S, Switch Freq B POGO” Switching back to Freq A is SOP, no need to brief it!]
(type) POINT
Datalink sensor point/track of interest, such as J12.6 SID data link message.

CONTACT POINT- Indicate fighter has has acquired the TOI Tack number on their link display.
** DROP POINT: Data link target sorting message is no longer needed/desired.
** HOLD POINT: Maintain weapons quality track data.
** TARGET POINT: Target the referenced datalink target sorting message (Example: IRON FOUR, TARGET IRON ONES POINT).
Polar Bear (direction) F
[NATO] Friendly aircraft has VISUAL/contact on the FRIENDLY PACKAGE and is joining. [See PACMAN]
1. Starting climb for A/S attack.
2. Max performance climb out of low-altitude structure. [used by fighters when leaving a low altitude BARCAP to return to medium / high altitude]
Flying in clouds or area of reduced visibility.
1. (A/A) GROUP that has suddenly appeared inside of MELD range. [If GROUP appears inside THREAT Range, USN says THREAT, USAF says POP-UP THREAT]
2. (S/A) Criteria used as a self-defense method, within the ROE, to protect friendly air defense elements from HOSTILE aircraft.
Request for friendly position; response in terms of a geographic landmark or off a common reference point. [Normally off BULLSEYE: “Dog 11, POSIT” Response: “Dog 11, B/E 360/10, Flow 250” Do NOT say: “Dog 11 say POSIT off Bullseye.” Bullseye is implied.]
Rapid descending spiral. [Normally a GROUP/CONTACT word, vice FRIENDLY]
Requested action is approved and mutual support will be maintained. Supportive role will be assumed by the speaker. [Merge ACM word. See; CLEARED, SUPPORTING, ENGAGED, DEFENSIVE]
PRINT (Type) F
Valid Non-Cooperative Target Recognition (NCTR) reply.
A briefed maneuver to minimize closure on the threat or geographical boundary with the intent to re-engage. [Used to initiate a Grinder-type tactic. Listen to radio- Lead may direct the entire element to pump or split the formation with a PUMP call. 'Dog PUMP' = All Dogs go OUT, 'Dog 12 PUMP'= Dog 11 stays IN]
Pure F
Pure pursuit is being used or directive to go pure pursuit. [See: LAG, LEAD]
PUSH (Channel)
Go to designated frequency; no acknowledgment required. [USN typically uses 'KICK']
1. Departing designated point.
2. (GROUP / descriptions) [A/A] GROUP(S) have turned cold and will continue to be monitored.
Enemy air-/surface-launched cruise missile. [See: GREYHOUND]
(EW) Intercepted electronic emission that has been assigned to a number of the Track Block
A picture label describing 2 GROUPS separated in distance along the same line of bearing. Group names will be LEAD GROUP/TRAIL GROUP.
RAYGUN (Position [off Bullseye] /Heading/ Altitude) F
1. Radar lock-on to unknown aircraft.
2. A request for a 'BUDDY SPIKE' reply from friendly aircraft meeting these parameters.
Directive call for aircrew to turn IFF/SIF equipment off & on.
REFERENCE (direction) F
Assume stated heading.
A civil platform that is assessed as operating in such a manner as to raise suspicion that it might be used as a weapon to perpetrate a terrorist attack.
REPORTED (information)
Information provided is derived from an off-board source.
Proceed to a prebriefed position or area of operation (AO).
Drive a new STAKE at the target centroid reported with direction of travel and elevation. Initiated by aircrew.
Resume last formation/route/mission ordered.
Withdraw / withdrawing from station in response to a threat, while executing defensive procedures. [Implies continue mission as able, may RESET if threat is negated. See: SLIDE, SCRAM]
A BOGEY that is conforming to ACO / safe passage procedures. [See: GOPHER]
Friendly air-to-surface missile launch. [e.g., Maverick, Hellfire, etc. See: LONG RIFLE, BRUISER, BULLDOG, GREYHOUND]
A surface vessel that is identified as an enemy in accordance with theater ID ctireria. The term does not necessarily imply clearance to engage. [See: SKUNK, HOSTILE]
Radio transmission received; does not indicate compliance or reaction. [See: WILCO, COPY (not an official ALSA word) is used the same as ROGER but emphasizes verbatim copying down of data.]
ROLEX (+/- Time)
Time line adjustment in minutes always referenced from original preplanned mission execution time. Plus means later; minus means earlier.
Circling an IR pointer around an aircraft to help the aircraft identify the friendly ground position. Caution: this technique may damage NVDs.
MTI returns that signifies a high probability of a rotating antenna.
1. **Radar has detected jamming/mutual interference but has not resolved the type.
2. [NATO] Own ship maneuvering for ranging.
Saddled F
Informative call from wingman or element indicating the return to briefed formation position. [See: STRIPPED]
SAM (direction)
Visual acquisition of a SAM in flight or a SAM launch, should include position. [See: SINGER, MUD, BIRD. Usually used on enemy SAMs]
Aircrew has the identical information as was just stated.
Sandwiched F
A situation where an aircraft or an element finds themselves between opposing aircraft or elements.
Fly at best endurance. [See GATE, BUSTER, LINER, CRUISE]
Schlem F
Simulated high off boresight IR missile launch. Not assessable for simulated kill/kill removal. [2012 ALSA Deletion, included for clarity. ]
SCRAM (direction)
1. [A/A][E/W][S/A] Friendly asset is in immediate danger. Withdraw clear in the direction indicated for survival. No further mission support from the friendly asset is expected.
2. ** [A/A][E/W][S/A] Cease the intercept and take immediate evasive action. Implies that the target aircraft is being engaged by SAMs or other air defense fighters.
3. Directive call to instruct ATC to clear all civilian/non-engagement aircraft outside of a specific area. TERMINATE SCRAM will resume normal operations.
Take off as quickly as possible.
MTI return that signifies a low, slow airborne target. [JSTARS term, see MOSQUITO]
Perform sensor search of indicated position. [Not an official ALSA word]
Separate F
Leaving a specific engagement; may or may not reenter. [See BUGOUT, EXTEND, BLOW THROUGH]
SEPARATION [distance in NM]
1. Request for separation between 2 GROUPS. Response will include the follow-on GROUP's separation, altitude, and fill-ins. [In a 2 Grp Label, just measure the slant range & add fill-ins. In a 3 or 4 Grp Label, measure Separation as straight-back Depth range between Lead Group(s) & Trail Group(s), NOT slant range.]
2. (Range/Azimuth) SEPARATION: indicates relationship between GROUPs & separation if GROUPs & relationships in a label were not defined previously or if relationship between GROUPs has changed.
SET ___
1. A command to set (or have set) a particular speed. May be in knots/indicated or in Mach.
2. ** No longer slewing sensor and awaiting further updates.
3. Overwatch aircraft is in position
Shackle F
One weave, a single crossing of flight paths; maneuver to adjust or regain formation parameters.
Follow indicated target.
An aircraft request to FAC / JTAC / C2 platform for a target.
Informative/Directive call made by fighters to executing an OUT inside Minimum Out Range (MOR), but greater than Minimum Abort Range (MAR). [An OUT >MOR= USN says SKATE, USAF says OUT. An OUT <MAR = ABORT]
Shotgun F
Pre-briefed weapons state. [See WINCHESTER, REMINGTON, ARIZONA]
(system) SICK
System indicated is degraded/partially operative. Cancelled by SWEET. [See BENT, SOUR]
1. (time) [A/A] System will be unavailable for time indicated.
2. Datalink is, or should be placed, in receive only.
3. [N][EW] Broadcast station is not transmitting. May also be used as an order and should be followed by a freq or station designator. If possible, should be followed by estimated time to return to the air.
SINGER (type/direction) F
RWR indication of SAM launch. [See: MUD, DIRT, SAM]
Execute / executing launch-and-leave tactics.  [See: SHORT SKATE, BANZAI, ABORT, OUT, IN, PUMP]
Current survivor coordinates.
Veto of fighter COMMIT, usually followed with further directions.
Aircraft is out of or unable to deploy active radar missiles. [Note: SKOSH has an informal use from Vietnam meaning a low amount of something, such as fuel or ammo. Watch for potential confusion.]
A radar or visual maritime surface contact whose identity is unknown. [See: ROBBER, HOSTILE]
SLAPSHOT (type/bearing)
Immediately employ a best available HARM against a specified threat at the specified bearing. [See: MAGNUM, SNIPER. Note: SNIPER/SLAPSHOT are requests for types of HARM shots, HARM leaving the rail is MAGNUM]
Slice/Sliceback F
Directive call to perform a high G descending turn in the stated direction
1. Continue / continuing present mission while flowing from station in response to perceived threat, implies intent to RESET. [See: SCRAM, RETROGRADE]
2. Directive or descriptive term to laterally reposition helicopter
Time delay to individual flight / element event. [See:ROLEX, SPIN]
Target with ground speed of 100-200 knots. [See VERY SLOW, FAST, VERY FAST]
1. Clearance to employ ordnance / fires on surface target coordinates. ROE, PID, CDE, coordination of forces, and Commanders Guidance requirements on the referenced target/track have been satisfied. Not to be used in a CAS engagement.
2. (AIR-MAR) Clearance to employ ordnance / fires on surface target coordinates/Link 16 Track. ROE, PID, clear field of fire, coordination of forces, and Commanders Guidance requirements on the referenced target/track have been satisfied.
Smash (on/off)
Directive call to turn on/off anti-collision lights.
Directive call to oscillate an IR pointer in a figure eight about a target.
1. [w/GROUP Name] Fighter request for immediate BRAA call (with appropriate fill-ins) to the GROUP described. Indicates fighter intent to intercept/ join. [“Hawk, Eagle 1, SNAP South Group.” AIC response is “Eagle 1, South Group, BRAA 231/24, 22K, Hot, (ID)” A SNAP request means fighter will TARGET that group, no separate TARGETing call needed. USAF fighters love SNAP, USN not so much. See: BRAA, BOGEY DOPE, SNAPLOCK]
2. (heading) Urgent directive call to turn to a heading. [AIC uses to get fighter turning into / away from the threat ASAP. AIC: “Dog 11, SNAP 1-0-0”]
Informative call indicating fighter has obtained a radar contact inside briefed threat range with BEAM, FLANK, or HOT aspect and is unable to complete sanitization responsibilities implying ownership. SNAPLOCK call should be reponded to with Bearing, Range, Altitude, & Aspect.
[“Dog 11, SNAPLOCK BRAA 230/15, 20K, Declare” AIC response is “Dog 11, (Name) Group, BRAA 231/24, 22K, Aspect, (ID)” Note: If contact does not meet briefed SNAPLOCK criteria, fighter should call “CONTACT” vice SNAPLOCK. See: CONTACT def. 1. “ownership” means fighter is Targeted to that Group/Arm/Contact- Threat call & Directive Targeting call are NOT appropriate]
SNIFF (type)
Passive sensor indication of a stated radar emitter.
SNIPER (type, location [off B/E])
Aircraft to employ a range-known HARM against a specified threat at the specified location. [See: SLAPSHOT, MAGNUM. Note: SNIPER/SLAPSHOT are requests for types of HARM shots, HARM leaving the rail is MAGNUM]
Directive or informative call indicating initiation of emission control (EMCON) procedures. Opposite of ALARM.
1. Assignment of responsibility within a group; criteria can be met visually, electronically (radar), or both. [Dog 11: “Dog 12, Sort Lead Group NEAR-FAR / SIDE-SIDE / etc.” USN sorts on Aux Freq, USAF/NATO may sort on Pri Freq.]
Sort responsibility within a group has been met. [See: LOCKED, TARGETED]
(Opposite of SWEET.)
1. (mode/type) Invalid/no response to an administrative IFF/SIF check.
2. (link name) (e.g. " TIMBER SOUR ") Indicates there are potential problems with net entry and initiates pre-mission link troubleshooting. [See SICK, BENT]
3. Equipment indicated is not operating efficiently
An interrogated group/radar contact which lacks all of the ATO (or equivalent) IFF/SIF modes and codes required for the ID criteria. [Note: Aircraft squawking IFF modes/codes not IAW ATO is technically Spades, but say ‘BOGEY, SQUAWKING’ instead. Use SPADES for non-squawkers, real or simulated. See: SQUAWKING]
Cooperative Engagement Capable (CEC) Network [See TIMBER, JACKAL, ALLIGATOR]
SPIKE(D) (direction) F
RWR indication of an AI threat in track or launch. [AIC response is “Fighter C/S, SPIKE Range X, Altitude, Aspect, ID, (Name) Group” Critical items are Range & ID. See: NAILS, MUD, SINGER. If no direction given, AIC response not desired nor required.]
Execute / executing a timing/spacing maneuver.
SPITTER (direction)
An aircraft that has departed from the engagement or is departing the engaged fighter's targeting responsibility.
1. (A/A) Target destroyed. [See: KILL, VANISHED, TIMEOUT]
2. (A/S) Weapons impact.
3. *(S/S) Informative call to observer or spotter five seconds prior to estimated time of impact.
An informative or directive call that a flight member is leaving formation to pursue a seperate attack; visual may not be maintained.
An entity employing electronic or tactical deception measures.
SQUAWK (mode/Code)
Operate IFF/SIF as indicated or IFF/SIF is operating as indicated.
BOGEY is responding with an IFF/SIF mode or code other than that prescribed by the ATO/identification criteria. [“Hawk, Lead Group, B/E X/Y, 15K, Bogey, SQUAWKING MODE 1 12” Note: if a Contact is clearly on a Comair profile, it is usually not called a GROUP. See: SPADES, PAINTS]
A ground-born object of interest departing the objective area.
Two or more CONTACTS within GROUP criteria with an altitude separation in relation to each other. [a STACK occurs inside ONE GROUP that has a large altitude split, call High contact’s altitude 1st: "Hawk, Lead Group, B/E X/Y, STACK, 25,000 and 10,000, Hot, Hostile" Fighters will engage High & Low CONTACTs within that GROUP. ROT is >10K split is always a STACK, FTRs may brief AIC to call smaller splits as well]
1. Reference point for A/S targeting operations.
2. * A full motion video system mark has been set and is used as a frame of reference.
1. More information is coming
2. (GROUP) Eyeball fighter is preparing to call VID of target aircraft. No radio transmissions should be made [by anyone] until either ID is made or the eyeball fighter calls “unable VID.” [Note: STANDING BY does not exist in ALSA & should NEVER be used- sounds too much like STANDBY & means the opposite. Say READY instead.]
Stare (w/ laser code and reference point)**
Cue the laser spot search/tracker function on the specified laser code in relation to the specified reference point. Reference point may include the following: INS steerpoint, GEOREF, bearing and range or datalink point.
1. Request for an individual's tactical situation.
2. (GROUP) Request for a full positional update on the specified group (default is digital bullseye). [See PICTURE, BRAA, SNAP, BOGEY DOPE]
Stern F
Request for, or a directive to, intercept using stern geometry.
1. Three-ship inner group formation with two lead contacts line abreast and the single in trail.
2.* (S/A) An IR man portable air defense system (MANPADS).
Unidentified traffic that is not a participant with the action in progress.
Turn off equipment indicated. (e.g., STRANGLE PARROT)
Numerical strength of a TRACK/GROUP. [“STRENGTH 3” Replaces old USN "COMPOSITION 3." USAF usually says “3 CONTACTS”]
Stripped F
Informative call that aircraft is out of pre-briefed formation.
STROBE(S) (bearing) F
Radar indication(s) of noise jamming. [USN response to Fighter is “Fighter C/S, STROBES Range X, Altitude, Aspect, ID, X GROUP” USAF STAN for STROBES response- “Fighter C/S, STROBES Range X, Bullseye X/Y, Altitude, ID, X GROUP”]
Directive call for third party track production source to provide best possible continuous track data for weapon targeting purposes.
C2 sensors are available. Opposite of MIDNIGHT.
Supporting F
Speaking unit or element is assuming a supporting role, is in a position to influence the outcome, & assumes deconfliction responsibility. Implies VISUAL, does not imply TALLY. [Merge ACM word. See; CLEARED, PRESS, ENGAGED, DEFENSIVE]
(Opposite of SOUR, cancels SICK, BENT)
1. (mode/type) Valid response to an adminstrative IFF/SIF check request. [USN tends to check Mode 2 & 4 & report results in order- ('SWEET & SWEET). AIC shall also verify briefed status of Modes 1, 3 & C. Note: Mode 1 & 2 codes are usually classified & not voiced in the clear- if an aircraft is squawking the wrong code, AIC directs 'Dog 11, Check Mode 1 SQUAWK', w/o mentioning the correct code in the clear. Or go SECURE to pass correct code.]
2. (link name) (e.g., TIMBER SWEET) Confirms receipt of datalink information.
3. Equipment indicated operating efficiently.
Swept (with Subcardinal direction)
Inner GROUP formation with the trailer displaced approximately 45 degrees behind the leader.
Switched F
Indicates an attacker is changing from one aircraft to another.
TAG (System, location)
1. Response to an emitter ambiguity resolution request (COLOR).
2. Informative call to a helicopter lead that the last aircraft of a flight is airborne.
Sighting of a target, non-friendly aircraft, or enemy position. Opposite of NO JOY. [See: VISUAL, BLIND. Do NOT say TALLY HO, the Battle of Britain is over (we won!)]
1. Assignment of targeting responsibilities. [TARGET: for specified GROUP, Fighter will monitor Position, Altitude, Aspect; obtain / maintain ID; & employ IAW ROE. Note: A Targeting call does not mean that GROUP is instantly TARGETed: fighter must first find GROUP on radar & correlate ID.]
2. [A/S] [S/S] ROE, PID, coordination of forces, and Commanders Guidance requirements on the referenced target / track have been satisfied. Target / track correlation and CDE must be accomplished prior to employing ordnance / fires.
3. (AIR-MAR) ROE, PID, coordination of forces, and Commanders Guidance requirements on the referenced target / track have been satisfied. Target / track correlation and clear field of fire must be accomplished prior to employing ordnance / fires.
Fighter has acquired assigned group and has assumed responsibility for it.
1. Stop laser illumination of a target.
2. In training, cease local engagement without affecting the overall exercise. [See: Knock It Off]
THREAT (direction)
Untargeted HOSTILE/BANDIT/ BOGEY is within a briefed range of a friendly aircraft. [BRAA default, but B/E possible: “Dog 11, (Name Group) THREAT BRAA 280/12, 15K, Hot, Hostile” Key Fill-ins are ID & Aspect. AIC must provide ID, a BOGEY inside threat range is not a HOSTILE.]
Reminder to set throttles appropriately considering the IR threat and desired energy state.
Aircraft will conduct low altitude, high speed pass over or abeam a designated vessel. Do not cross bow, Supersonic airspeed is authorized as long as damage is not anticipated.
Tied F
Positive radar contact with element or aircraft.
Enough fuel and ordnance to accept a commitment.
Link 16 network [See JACKAL, ALLIGATOR, SPIDER]
Informative call to check/change IFF code. [IAW ATO/SPINS]
Fighter assesses valid BVR shot parameters have been met and missile has reached termination. [See: KILL, SPLASH, VANISHED]
Track of Interest. The label of a group/contact that is perceived as a threat to North America or national security. [Say: "T-O-I"]
HTS [HARM Targeting System on F-16CJ] pod.
TRACK (direction)
1. GROUP/CONTACT's direction of flight movement. ["TRACK" is voiced in 8 sub-cardinal directions. Used during Broadcast Control, use Hot, Flank, Beam, Drag during most Tactical Control]
2. Directive call asigning responsibility to maintain sensors/visual on a defined object or area to an asset.
3. Rotary wing directive call to establish race track (e.g., “Taz 31, TRACK left”)
(system) TRACKING
Enemy air defense system is maintaining situational awareness on FRIENDLY.
Datalink information file.
Missile has been defeated.
Tumbleweed F
Indicates limited SA, (i.e., NO JOY, BLIND) and is a request for information.
Cannot comply as requested or directed.
UHF/AM radio.
Hostile anti-ship missile. [See QUAIL]
Special case of FADED defined as a GROUP/ARM/CONTACT with no available sensor data and is:
1. Not in a known sensor blind zone (terrain masking or Doppler blind zone)
2. Correlated to a shot by friendly forces. [See: TIMEOUT, SPLASH, KILL]
Alter heading to magnetic heading indicated.
Target speed greater than 900 knots ground speed/Mach 1.5. [See FAST, SLOW, VERY SLOW]
Target speed less than 100 knots ground speed. [See FAST, SLOW, VERY FAST]
Picture label with three GROUPS with the single closest in range and two GROUPS, azimuth split, in trail. *Group names should be LEAD GROUP and NORTH TRAIL GROUP and SOUTH TRAIL GROUP or EAST TRAIL GROUP and WEST TRAIL GROUP. [VIC is “XX DEEP, XX WIDE”]
VHF/AM radio.
Sighting of a friendly aircraft or ground position. Opposite of BLIND. [See TALLY, NO JOY]
Picture label with three or more GROUPs primarily split in azimuth. Group names should be NORTH GROUP, MIDDLE GROUP, SOUTH GROUP or WEST GROUP, MIDDLE GROUP, EAST GROUP. [Say: 3 Group WALL, XX WIDE” to reinforce that this is a 3 (or more) Group Problem, not an Azimuth XX]
WARNING (color)
Hostile attack is: 
RED  Imminent or in progress. 
YELLOW  Probable. 
WHITE Improbable.
(S/A) Fire only: 
FREE  At targets not identified as friendly IAW current ROE. 
TIGHT  At targets positively identified as hostile IAW current ROE. 
HOLD / SAFE (USN/NATO) In self-defense or in response to a formal order.
Three-ship-inner GROUP formation with a single contact closest in range and two trail contacts line abreast.
WEIGHTED (Cardinal Direction)
Fill-in for a CHAMPAGNE, VIC, WALL or LADDER when one or more groups are out of position or offset from the standard picture label.
Request for results of missions or tasks.
Request for amount of missiles and fuel remaining. Response:
(1st No.) = number of active radar missiles remaining;
(2nd No.) = number of semi-active radar missiles remaining;
(3rd No.) = number of IR missiles remaining;
(MINUS) No gun/insufficient ammo for gun attack
By (4th No) = pounds of fuel (given to one decimal point), or time remaining [in hours & minutes of on-station time]. Example response to WHAT STATE: “BLUE TWO IS 3-1-2 BY 7 POINT 5" [or BY ZERO PLUS THIRTY] is equivalent to 3 AIM-120s, 1 AIM-7, 2 AIM-9s and 7,500 lbs of fuel [or 0.5 hours time on station] remaining.
Ammunition and oxygen are reported only when specifically requested or critical.
Separation between the farthest GROUPs in azimuth in a relative formation of 3 or more groups, used to describe a WALL, VIC, CHAMPAGNE, or BOX.  [WALL is “XX WIDE”; CHAMPAGNE is “XX WIDE, XX DEEP”; BOX is “XX WIDE, XX DEEP”; VIC is “XX DEEP, XX WIDE”. See: DEEP]
Will comply with received instructions.
No ordnance remaining. [See: SKOSH, SHOTGUN, REMINGTON, ARIZONA]
Directive or interrogative call regarding further information or directives pertinent to the mission.
1. (system w/location) Platform gathering EOB on a designated emitter. 
2. Platform executing EID on a specific aircraft/group to obtain identification necessary for BVR employment.
Use A/A TACAN for ranging. [A-A mode =DME only]
Limit transmissions to critical information only. See MINIMIZE.
Directive/descriptive call to reference datalink display & may be followed by amplifying information
[NATO] Jamming signal.
Cloak F
Switch / switching from normal/overt external lighting to covert NVD only compatible lighting.
Clover (left/right)
Rotary wing directive all to establish clover patterns in stated direction (“Taz 31, CLOVER Left”)
Confidence (level)
Confidence indication IAW operational directives.
Expected threat TBM impact point
Criss Cross
[NATO] A position or track derived from the plotting of DF bearings.
Return to cruise speed (after BUSTER or GATE). [See BUSTER, GATE, SAUNTER]
[NATO] Deception signal
Authoritative request for the pilot/operator to remove targeting symbology to allow the user to see a better picture of the target area.
(AIR-MAR) Hold and conserve fuel at altitude and position indicated during shipboard operations.
Diamonds (w/position)**
A surface IR event location
Proceed to alternate base
Descend and increase speed.  [Old US definition as: Decoy (TALD/MALD) DELETED]
(EW) DF equipped unit.
A fire control order used to direct or authorize units and/or weapon systems to fire on a designated target.
(AIR-MAR) A FRIENDLY track acting as a HOSTILE for exercise purposes
Fan __ TACK __
[NATO] (EW) Left and right hand edges of jammed sector are___and___.
Helicopter status of Fuel, Ammo, Rocket, Missile (“Taz 31 FARM 2+00, 300,14, 4”) See WHAT STATE.
[NATO] (EW) Airborne electronic reconnaissance activity or aircraft.
Aircraft will conduct low altitude pass abeam/overhead the vessel location. Do not cross a vessel's bow. See THUMP, PEPPER
FOX 3 / FOX 2 (number) SHIP F
Simulated / Actual missile shot against (x) separate targets (assumes 1 missile per target). (e.g., "Sword 12, FOX 3 2-SHIP"). [Replaced old USN call: “FOX 3 Times 2”]
2nd FOX 3 / 2 / 1 F
Simulated or actual launch of multiple missiles on the same target. [Replaced old USN call: “Additional FOX 3” See: FOX 3 (X) SHIP]
Freeze Burn
Directive call to AC-130 to freeze the GLINT position in the present location.
Fuel State
(AIR-MAR) A helicopter's fuel quantity, expressed in hours and minutes before having to make a controlled emergency landing.
[NATO] Upper limit of height sanctuary for fighters in the MEZ. (“GADABOUT 25” means the upper limit of the height sanctuary is 25,000 feet; “Gadabout 16 - 24” means the height sanctuary is between 16,000 to 24,000 ft). [See GOODWILL, TRESPASS]
Emitter is employing electronic protection measures.
Threat TBM launch point
Voice imitative deception is suspected on this net. [See: SPOOFING]
Use unencrypted voice communications. [2012 ALSA Deletion, included for clarity]
Directive call for aircrew to put on/take off NVD/NVG
Goggles ON/OFF
Informative call the NVD/NVG are on/off
Boundary of an active friendly MEZ. [See: TRESPASS, GADABOUT]
1. Data link message not received.
2. ** Lost video data link. Opposite of HANDSHAKE
(expect) Hollow
A condition will likely exist that limits video data link reception (maneuvers, terrain, etc.).
(NATO) Friends returning for recovery.
Establish visual contact with cockpit of TOI, attempt communications and report all observations of activity.
Surveillance network participating group (NPG) of Link 16/TADIL J.
Fuel state above BINGO at which separation/bugout/event termination should begin.
KICK (appropriate FREQ)
Change radio or datalink to a specified net or frequency. Also see: PUSH
Platform is capable to laser target designate
Turn all position lights to bright.
Fly at speed giving maximum cruising range.
MAGNUM (system/location) F
Launch of friendly antiradiation missile. [Note: SNIPER/SLAPSHOT are requests for types of HARM shots, HARM leaving the rail is MAGNUM]
Multifunction radar in an A/G mode.
1. Record the location of a ground point of interest.
2. (S/S) Spotting round (normally white phosphorus [WP] or illumination on the deck to indicate targets to aircraft, ground troops, or fire support.
Slow Speed and low RCS target
Move Burn (bearing)
(A/S) Move EO / IR illumination in specified direction. NOTE: Do not use LEFT/RIGHT for moving a BURN.
Near-Far F
Fighter term depicting a radar-apparent description of two or more contacts within a GROUP separated in range.
Negative Laser
(A/S) Laser energy has not been acquired .
Ground equipment present at tasked target location. Opposite of VACANT.
Move the sensor in the indicated direction relative to the current image.
[NATO] Land or I wish to land (reason may be specified, e.g. PANCAKE AMMO, PANCAKE FUEL).
[NATO] Rescue helicopter.
[NATO][EW] A position track derived from the triangulation of SPIKES originating from HOSTILE jamming.
[EW] Pulse repetition interval.
[NATO] (EW) An emission believed to originate from a platform assumed to be FRIENDLY.
[NATO][EW] Carry out jamming plan indicated or in accordance with previous orders.
CSAR aircraft departing the landing zone (LZ). Usually followed by number of recovered personnel, (e.g. "STING 1, POPCORN PLUS 2")
Post Attack (direction/ directive)
[NATO] Desired direction / directives after completion of intercept / engagement.
No ordnance remaining except gun or self-protect ammo. [See: SKOSH, WINCHESTER, SHOTGUN, ARIZONA]
Time when search and rescue (SAR) aircraft is no longer SAR capable. [USN uses for CVN plane guard helo TOS]
Request for launching platform to provide LASER guided munitions. Reverse of BUDDY LASE.
(EW) Report of characteristics of an intercepted signal.
1. (S/S) (during adjustment) Fire again using the same firing data.
2. (S/S) (during fire for effect) Fire the same number of rounds using the same method of fire.
Two or more munitions released or fired in close succession.
Shift (direction/TN)
[A/S] Shift laser / IR / radar / device energy/aimpoint. Note: Can be used to shift from the offset position onto the target. Also used during multi-aircraft attack to shift laser energy or target assignments.
Aircraft/unit designated to employ ordnance. [See: EYEBALL]
An aircraft request to FAC / JTAC / C2 platform for a target.
(S-S) Round(s) has(ve) been fired.
Pulse repetition frequency.
[NATO] (EW) An intelligence-gathering vessel.
1. Target marking by IR pointer.
2. Platform is capable to IR point.
(NATO) Voice deception is being employed. [See GINGERBREAD]
1. [A/S] Acquisition of laser designation.
2. Platform is LST capable.
Spur Ride
Attempt helicopter buddy/self extraction by having downed crew attach themselves to the outside of the helicopter.
Stop oscillation of IR pointer.
Stop Burn
Directive call to stop IR / EO illumination of a target.
Illuminatiing target with artificial illumination.
Switch (item)
1. Switch the setting on the referenced item.
2. (CAMERA) Switch full motion video to EO or IR.
3. (POLARITY) Switch IR polarity to black hot or white hot.
Ten Seconds F
Standby for LASER ON call in approximately 10 seconds.
Thunder F
One minute until A/S weapons impact.
Execute a briefed change of an avionics setting.
[E/W][S/A] IR lock-on.
[NATO] (EW) Change radar frequency.
TRESPASS (system, position)
The addressed flight is entering the threat SAM ring of a specific (system) at the stated location. [See: GOODWILL]
Ground equipment not present at tasked target location. Opposite of OCCUPIED.
Situation awareness data link (SADL)
[NATO] (EW) Off board active radar decoy.
Request for data link information.
Zoom (IN / OUT)
Increase / decrease the sensors focal length.
Note: ZOOM IN / OUT is normally followed by ONE, TWO, THREE, or FOUR to indicate the number of FOVs to change.
(A/S) Request or informative communications to have guidance of a weapon from a source other than delivering aircraft.
(A/S) A climb to acquire line of sight (LOS) to the target or laser designation.
IR Illuminator is being used to provide illumination of surface points of interest for AC-130 operations.
Cease Loading
[S/S] An order to fire rounds that have already been loaded, but no additional rounds
may be loaded.
Check Capture
Target appears to be no longer tracked by sensor.
Check Firing
(S/S) Immediate pause of planned or current indirect fires. May require coordination to continue.
Check Focus
Sensor image appears to be out of focus.
[NATO] (EW) Carry out deception plan indicated or in accordance with previous orders.
[NATO] (EW) ECM receiver.
[NATO] [EW] Use electronic jamming on radar frequency indicated or IAW previous orders.
[NATO] (EW) Cease emissions on specified
[NATO] (EW) Shipborne fire control radar.
[NATO] (EW) Jamming signal appears on my PPI scope or jamming signal prevents determination of range and bearing_____% of time.
[NATO] Execute emission control IAW emission control policy.
[NATO] There are a number of stations on the same frequency.
[NATO][EW] Emission control plan (EMCON plan) is modified as follows____.
[NATO] Search sector indicated and report any contacts.
Beam Rider (direction)
Potential Jammer along the stated axis from a ground unit or aircraft stated from the ground unit/aircraft location. Usually followed by a request to search using a n alternate radar source.
Fresh Target
Order that can be sent any time during a fire mission to indicate that a spotter requires engagement of target with a higher priority. Call for fire begins with FRESH TARGET & the ship interrupts fire on the original target to engage to the FRESH TARGET. Target location is sent as a correction from the last impacted SALVO of the original target (shift from a known point) & must include any elements of the call for fire which differs from the original target
A back-up laser-capable platform appointed to laze the target if the primary designator's laser fails after weapon release.
Goalie Goalie Goalie
Directive call from the primary lasing platform for the appointed Goalie to begin lasing target (Primary platform's laser is BENT).
Informative call UAS kinetic engagement firing sequence initiated.
Laser On
Start / Acknowledge laser designation
Speaker is firing the laser
Match Sparkle
Overlay IR point
Used by ship to indicate last SALVO was fired with incorrect data.
New Target
Order that can be sent any time during a fire mission to indicate the spotter requires engagement to a target, not necessarily of a higher priority than the one already being engaged. Call for fire begins with NEW TARGET & the ship will continue to fire on the original target. Target location can be sent using any of the standard methods, & any elements of the new NEW TARGET which differ from the original target must be sent.
(AIR-MAR) Request that the Maritime Air Controller (MAC) provide target coordinates via latitude & longitude. [Implies position sent using Bullseye not precise enough.]
Communicates sensor posture (offensive, defensive, neutral) by the JTAC to assets. Does not imply the friendly ground forces' tactical situation.
Illuminate / Illuminating a position with flashing IR energy
Platform is ROVER video downlink capable
(number) Salvo
Method of fire in which a weapon or number of weapons, is fired at a target. It indicates the number of projectiles to be fired from each gun.
References number of people/objects noted at specified location (men/women/children). For example, in response to a request for SLANT on a target building: "SLANT 4/6/4."
Move sensor in direction indicated (usually accompanied by a unit of measure). For example: "SLEW left one half screen."
Smoke marker used to mark a position.
A spotting of STRADDLE is made for a multigun SALVO when some rounds fall short & some rounds fall beyond the target. The spotter announces STRADDLE followed by a correction to place the MPI on the target. The term is normally used during a ship adjust or massed fire mission.
The highest point of a shell's trajectory. Sent as standard during a n air observed mission & if requested by a ground spotter. Units of measure are specified. A new SUMMIT is sent if it changes by more than 300 ft for an air observer or 100 m for a ground observer.
Improvised fighting vehicle (usually civilian vehicles with mounted weapons).
Stacked net within a Link 16 network
Check Solution
Order sent by spotter for the ship to check the fire control solution when an excessive initial or SALVO-to-SALVO error is observed.
Dark Star
An Illumination round that fails to properly ignite or fails to properly deploy its parachute.
Object of interest detected via airborne/ground sensor. Usually followed by amplifying information.
Fallen Angel
Downed Aircraft
(status) LIGHT
Mission status.
(RED) Prebriefed threat have not been mitigated for further mission execution. Aircraft should evaluate the their positive relative to the threat & take appropriate action.
(YELLOW) Designated assets can continue to operate relative to the prebriefed threat while other assets should continue to hold.
(GREEN) All aircraft are cleared to execute prebriefed missions. [Normally a response to strategic SAM (SA-5/10/20/etc.) status, passed prior to start of a Vul Time.]
Data link nondesignated geographic point of interest (J12.06 SID message)
Ripped Chute
Sent by spotter to indicate that the illumination round parachute was ripped off or separated on deployment. [See DARK STAR]
Mandatory call from attack aircraft to JTAC/FAC during Type 3 CAS terminal control, indicating completion of ordnance release. See also CLEARED TO ENGAGE.
Call made by fighter indicating fighter is in a position to employ weapons. Used in response to COVER.