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68 Cards in this Set

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-Nigeria: Nok culture500BC- 200AC


-Named after the townit was found within


-Nok terracottaheads, from Nigeria 1st century


- Large eyes and mouthWord is veryimportant to themThe power to see andbe seen

Head of an Ife King (Oni) Bronze/copper 15th century


-royal 'portraits'

- Ifeking figures, solid cast bronze/zinc, 12th century


- Wearing marks of aking


- Wearing coral beads-very important


- These figures werecovered in veils as well as the actual king

Oni adeyeye enitanogunwusi

Received his titlein December 2015

Terracottahead of Ife queen, 14th century

Benincity 1670 engraving by olfery dapper

Brass/bronzehead of an oba c.16th century


Elephant imagery wasimportant Symbolized the king

Obaerediauwa 1982-2015

Waistpendant of the queen mother idia c.1520

Altar to the headand arm (ikegobo) c.17th century

Beninancestral altar photographed in 1970

Photograph of 1897British expedition to Benin city


British went in andstole their relics and artwork

Brassplaque of a Portuguese soldier from Benin 16th century

Ivory salt cellarcreated by the Master of Symbolic Executions c.1490-1540

Yoruba decendants ofkings of ife


Olowe of ise1873-1938Carved door Nigeria1925

Carvedsupport post figured


Yoruba

Yorubaculture (Nigeria) ibeji (twin) ffigures, 20th century


Carved for deadtwins for soul to reside in. Parents take care of figures (feed, cloth, ect.)

Yorubamasks and costumes

Must wear for entirefestival


Screws up universeif you dont


Epa headdress 20thcentury


Begining of harvestfestival- sweet potato

Geledesociety participants- woman


Keeps positiveenergy for woman


They revere Women asvery powerfulAll women parts infestival are played by menWomen owns costume

Nigeria: Igbo culture, Mbari 'spirit' house


Created for Ala tore-balance positive energyPeople building arenot allowed to leave until its finished


Mud clay Artists createfigures to occupy houseThey representdifferent spirit figure Goddess is alwaysthe largestHouse is meant todecay and return to earthWay of restoringbalance

Ghana-countryAshanti people

Kente cloth


Each pattern isunique to each person Gold is veryimportant to the ashanti

Ashanti chiefdisplaying gold jewelry and fly whisk

Status symbols

Ashanti scale andweights for gold trade
Akua'bafigures 19th century

Fertility figuresWoman required tocarry all the time

Akua'ba figureByosei bonsu
Kane kwei sculptorCoffin maker

Ivory Coast: Baule 'Spirit" Figures (Asye Usu)


-for divination


-made for spiritualists

Baule Culture (ivory coast)


Carved Blolo bla (spirit spouse figure)


20th century

Burkina Fasso: Bwa animal figures, bird, animal, reptile masks

Ivory coast: Sunufo carved gate 19th century

Beautiful lady mask 20th cent


Ivory coast: senufo


men dance in mask to calm down male character



Senufo: Fire spitter mask 20th cent.


composite creatures that incarnate ancestors and bush spirits


masks are mediators


sometimes had their own priests- too powerful


used in funerals to guard spirits

Sierra Leone: Mende Society Mask


-masks were to made for women to wear


-society teaches woman for 3 years


-mask worn during festivities


-teacher wears the mask and takes on role of spiritual guide

Bamana culture: Mali, Chi wara headdress


-represents antelope and aardvark


-fertility figure for harvest


-ceremonial dance





Great mosque at Djenne, Mali


Original was built in the 13th century


1907 renovations


Hypostyle


Terracotta Warrior from Djenne


inland of the Niger River Delta


15th century

Mali: The Bandiagara Cliffs


Dogon village near the cliffs

Mali: Dogon Kanaga Masks 20th century


-Dama: ceremony every 7 years to celebrate the dead lasts for a week

Dogon family sculpture 20th century


Cameroon: Bamun and Bamileke cultures

Fon- cheif (each town or area has one)

Cameroon Bamun Culture 1870


Throne of the King (fon) Nsangu


-Thrones are specific to each ruler. Very imortant status symbol


-each one is created and baptized


-only 2 people permitted to touch


-one chair buried with ruler


-other chair is placed in shrine

Cameroon: Bamun Royal Palace 1910

sultan njoya of the bamun 2008

Beads are a status symbol and are used for money

Cameroon: Bamileke Culture: Kousi Society elepant masks

Gabon: Kota culture: reliquary Guardian figures


19th century Mbulu Ngulu


-for housing and protecting dead bodies


-concave- female


-convex- male



Portuguese Traders received by the Manikongo (Great King)


17th engraving of Loango of the Kongo Kingdom


Published by Olfert Dapper


sophisticated town layout

Kongo: Nkisi Figures


-for helping to keep order


-nail driven in when you ask for something (take out if you get it)


-will come after you if you do not complete task

Kongo: Ndop figure 16th century


-serves as a second to the king (can literally take his place at events)



Kongo: King Mbweke of the Kuba



Kongo: King Nyimi of the Kuba 2008


-each costume is unique


-each can weigh up to 160lbs


-each king has his own pattern

Kongo: Kuba Royal mask


Mwaash Mboy- oldest mask


-always wins


-identified with wot (persona of king/father)

Kongo: Kuba Royal mask

Ngaady Amwaash


-represents women in the story

Kongo: Kuba Royal mask

Bwoom mask


-can be brother of wot, father, of husband of Ngaady



Kongo: Mboko (cup bearer) figures


-invoke great carving


-can hold wine or can be for spiritual purposes

Great Zimbabwe 14th-15th century


stacked stones

Ethiopia: Royal cemetery of Axum 5th century AC


monolith

Ethiopia: Axum: Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion


- first construced in the 4th century


- relic contained inside (arc of the covenant)

Ethiopia: Lalibela: Beta Giorghis (Church of St. George)


13th century

Ethiopia: Lalibela: Delre Birbau Selassic Church 17th century


Geez- ancient arabian script


-language of the church

Tassili

Central Sahara Desert

Kalihari Desert

Southern Africa

Nok Culture

Nigeria

Ife Culture - Odudua

mythical ancestor who brought metalworking to the people

Ewuare the Great

early king of the 15th cent



Oba

Benin King

Olfert Dapper

(17th cent) Dutch publisher depicting west African prints