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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define unconsciousness:
- state of unrousable unresponsive
- victim is unaware of their surrondings
- no putposeful response can be oblained.
Why is it important to establish patient's level of consciousness?
- absent of breathing and pulse to prevent brain damage and death
D - Danger
ensure victim, rescuer and bystanders not in immediate danger
R - Response
Patient conscious or unconscious, Talk and touch method
A - Airway
assess and establish airway while mainting cervical support where a spinal injury is suspected
B - Breathing
assess Breath pattern, RR, chest movement and tissue oxygenation
C - Circulation
assess pulse rate and reguarity
assess central and periphal perfusion on the base of dirtibution of pulse, skin warmth and colour
When managing the unconscious patient which takes priority?
a.) airway
b.) circulation
c.) Managing possible spine injuries
d.) Managing any visible injuries
managing the airway
Why it so important to ensure the health care professional uses standard precautions?
minimise the risk of cross infection
In regard to standart precautions in the hospital setting list three practices the health care professional can use to protect themselve from infection or harm.
1.) protective attire (gloves, mask and gown)
2.) sharps - a person generating a sharp is responsible for its safe disposal
3.) handwashing
Airway obstruction may be caused by a variety of thinks, list three which will require immidiate intervention.
- Obstruction by tongue
- foreign body
- trauma, allergy
List three observation in a consequence in a conscious patient indicaticing they may have partial airway obstruction.
- breathing is laboured
- breathing is noisy
- difficulty in speaking
List three observation in conscious person indicating they may have complete airway obstruction.
- efforts at breathing
- no sound of breathing
- no escape of air from nose or mouth
If the person is unconscious and not breathing give three examples which would confirm they are not breathing.
1.) resistance when attemting inflation of the lungs
2) no escape of air during expiration
3.) chest does not rise
When confronted with an unconscious patient experiencening upper airway obstruction which is the first priority?
Clearing the upper airway of a foreign body
When would you roll a patient onto their side to clear the airway?
- when the Patient is suffering from drowning
- airway is obstructed with fluids such as blood or vomit
What is the rationale for using the head tilt or jaw thrust to maintain a patent airway?
- designed to allow effective ventilation to the unconscious patient.
Describe the method of insertion of a Guedel airway into a patient to maintain a patent airway.
- insert the wrong way up Guedel over the tobgue until it reaches the soft palate
- the turn it 180 degree
Give three contraindication for insertion of a Guedel airway.
1.) Conscious or semiconcious patient.
2.) Insertion before the airway has been cleared.
3.) Incorrect of an oral airway (Trauma)
When would a nasopharygal airway be be used to maintain a patent airway?
- when Guedel airway cannot be used
- swollwn tongue