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46 Cards in this Set

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1. The release of emotional tension a person experiences when reliving an emotionally charged and conflicting experience is known as _____. A) tardive dyskinesia B) catharsis C) resistanceD) transference

[b]


2. Freud referred to the release of emotional tension a person experience when reliving an emotionally charged and conflicting event as

- catharsis


4. When strong feelings, similar to those experienced in other important relationships, are developed toward the therapist, ____ has occurred.

- transference


5. _______________ occurs when a client responds to her therapist with unconscious emotions or reactions, such as conflicts about her parents. a. Flooding b. Exposure treatment c. Transference d. Free association


- c


6. Mario has always had trouble dealing with his parents as authority figures. During psychoanalysis, he reacts to the analyst in a negative manner whenever the therapist says something that reminds him of his parents' control over him. What process would Freud say is occurring?A) negative transferenceB) positive transferenceC) resistanceD) countertransference

-A. Negative transference


8. 26. In psychoanalytic theory, the term transference is used to describe ____A. the gradual shifting of erogenous desires from the mouth to the genitalsB. the phenomenon in which the patient comes to relate to the therapist in ways that resemble her or his other relationshipsC. efforts to redirect anxiety-provoking desires into socially acceptable actionsD. the repression of painful memories from conscious awareness


- B


9. Sherice started seeing a psychotherapist because of marital problems. She is unhappy because she feels her husband does not give her enough attention. After several sessions, she is quite taken with her male therapist because he gives her undivided attention. This growing affection for the therapist is called ____A. resistanceB. latent contentC. reflectionD. transference

- D


10. Bruce is seeing a therapist for his depression but he is always late and has missed several appointments. He talks about sports and the weather to try and avoid facing his problems and he often becomes argumentative with his therapist. According to psychoanalytic theory, Bruce's behavior is a classic example of _____. A) transference B) resistance C) projection D) catharsis

[b]


11. During free association, a patient may become unwilling to talk about certain topics. What term would a psychoanalyst use to describe this change in the patient's willingness to verbalize?A) reactanceB) insightC) resistanceD) transference

-C. Resistance


12. Ivan is undergoing psychodynamic therapy. he is frequently late for therapy sessions. he sometimes argues with his therapist and may peak endlessly about trivial matters. his therapist describes this as

- resistance.


13. a patient is discussing a childhood memory and suddenly forgets what they were saying or completely changes the subject. this person is expressing the psychoanalytic concept of _____


- resistance


14. The technique later used by Freud, in which the patient relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, is called _____.


- free association


16. Free association is a technique used in ______ therapy.A) rational-emotiveB) GestaltC) person-centeredD) psychoanalytic

-D. Psychoanalytic


17. which leads him to think about his early experiences with women: his mother, her friends, his teachers, and so on. Steve's therapist is using ______.A) the empty chair techniqueB) free associationC) counterconditioningD) pole-shifting

-B. Free association


18. REBT

- aversive therapy


19. A psychologist who practices cognitive therapy might try to help a patient who suffers from a major depressive disorder by _____. A) using systematic desensitization to replace depression with relaxationB) trying to get the patient to stop having irrational thoughts and dysfunctional attitudesC) analyzing unconscious conflicts from the patient's pastD) involving the patient in satisfying social activities


[B]


20. -_____ is an example of a cognitive therapy. A) Rational-emotive therapy B) Client-centered therapy C) Family therapy D) Psychoanalysis


[A]


21. Psychotherapies that emphasize changing clients' perceptions of their life situation as a way of modifying their behavior are called __________. a. behavior therapy b. client-centered therapy c. cognitive therapy d. Gestalt therapy


c

22. Beck's cognitive therapy is particularly effective in the treatment of ______.A) somatoform disordersB) anxiety disordersC) depressionD) schizophrenia


-C. Depression


23. - Beck's cognitive therapy focuses on ______. A) illogical thoughts B) resistance C) positive reinforcement D) the relationship between therapist and client

A) illogical thoughts

24. The type of group interaction that focuses on the fact that we live and grow in relation to other is ____.


- family therapy


25. A goal of family therapy is to ______.A) identify and treat the person in the family who is the source of the majority of the family's problemsB) change the needs of individual family membersC) improve family communication and interactionD) teach family members to remain neutral on sensitive issues


-C. Improve family communication and interaction


26. A researcher has found that in families with high levels of emotional expression, schizophrenics are more likely to relapse after returning home from the hospital. An observation such as this would warrant the use of which of the following therapies? A. Family therapyB. Aversive therapyC. Psychoactive medicationsD. Interpersonal therapy


- A


27. Validation, reframing, structural change, and detriangulation are techniques commonly used in ____A. psychoanalysisB. cognitive therapyC. family therapyD. behavioral therapy

- C


28. Given that collectivist cultures place more importance on the group than on the individual, some psychologists have suggested that ____ is likely to be more effective with people from Asian and Latin cultures.A. psychoanalysisB. humanistic therapyC. family therapyD. a self-help support group


- C


29. One aspect of family therapy is the idea that a family member's symptoms are a function of the family relationships. If, for example, a teenage son is the scapegoat of the parents, which family therapy technique would be the most appropriate to use?A. ValidationB. ReframingC. Structural changeD. Detriangulation

- D


30. Prozac, Paxil, and Zoloft are what type of antidepressant drugs?A. TricylicsB. Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitorsC. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)D. Benzodiazepines

- C


31. What are some side effects of SSRIs?

- Insomnia, anxiety, headache, reduces sexual functioning


32. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a treatment sometimes used for ____A. dissociative identity disorderB. depressionC. schizophreniaD. obsessive-compulsive disorder

- B


33. The initial treatment of choice for schizophrenia is probably _______.a. psychotherapy b. chemotherapyc. prefrontal lobotomy d. electroconvulsive therapy

d


34. Electroconvulsive therapy is used to alleviate _______.a. anxiety b. schizophreniac. somatoform disorders d. severe depression


- d


35. Electroconvulsive therapy has been used successfully to treat ________that has not responded to other treatments.A) bipolar disorderB) obsessive-compulsive disorderC) schizophreniaD) severe depression

-D. Severe depression


36. According to Freudian dream interpretation, the obvious content of a person's dream is called the _____ content and the underlying meaning or content of the dream, called the _____ content. A) obtuse / conscious B) obsolete / subliminal C) manifest / latent D) latent / manifest

[c]


37. A therapist is interested in interpreting dreams and in having clients relate their thoughts without modifying them. This therapist is most likely to be a a. client-centered therapist. b. psychoanalyst. c. cognitive therapist. d. behavior therapist.


- b


38. In interpreting a dream, a psychoanalyst would attempt to discover the dream's__________.A) manifest contentB) latent contentC) symbolic contentD) psychological content


-B. Latent content


39. James dreamed that he went to his neighbor's house at midnight and made himself a sandwich. His psychoanalyst interpreted the dream to mean that James really wanted to have sex with his neighbor's wife. Making the sandwich was the ______.


- manifest content of the dream


40. According to Freudian dream interpretation, the obvious content of a person's dream hides the true meaning or content of the dream, called the ____ content.A. obtuseB. subliminalC. latentD. manifest

- C


41. Insight therapies include all but which one of the following?a. psychoanalysis b. humanistic therapyc. behavior modification d. Gestalt therapies


- c


42. A technique which assumes it is impossible to be relaxed and anxious at the same time is _______.a. systematic desensitization b. overgeneralizationc. conditioning d. free association


- a


43. Which of the following is a therapy based on the principles of classical conditioning?A) reinforcementB) systematic desensitizationC) contingency contractD) token economy


-B. Systematic desensitization


44. what type of treatment for a fear of flying is this? the therapist asks the client to create a top-ten list of fears related to his fear of flying. the client begins with the lowest fear while looking at the picture of a plane. next the therapist encourages him to relax as he looks at the picture. the then the client continues to work his way up to top-ten list while relaxing. eventually, the client is able to fly on a plane


- systematic desensitization


45. Systematic desensitization involves ____A.pairing a feared stimulus with a state of deep relaxation by being exposed to feared situations in a gradual hierarchical fashionB. exposing an individual to feared stimuli to an excessive degree while not allowing him or her to avoid the stimuliC. gaining systematic insight into the source of your fearD. using a gradual build up of self-reflective speech


- A


46. Frank is seeing a therapist for his spider phobia. The therapist first teaches him muscle relaxation and then they develop a stimulus hierarchy. Frank is seeing a therapist who uses____A. floodingB. systematic desensitizationC. psychoanalysisD. social skills training


- B


47. Aversive conditioning can be an effective treatment for ____A. schizophrenia and panic disorderB. depressionC. smoking, overeating, and drinking alcoholD. generalized anxiety disorder


- C


48. As part of a smoking cessation program, Paul receives an injection of a nausea-inducing drug and then is asked to smoke a cigarette. Even though he knows he is receiving the drug, it is hoped that Paul will associate the nausea symptoms with smoking and will thus smoke less. This example best demonstrates the procedures typically used in ____A. aversive conditioningB. behavior modificationC. rational emotive therapyD. systematic desensitization

- A


49. If a therapist gives an alcoholic a drink laced with a nausea-inducing drug so that she or he will become ill after drinking the alcohol, the therapist is using ____ A. systematic desensitizationB. aversive conditioningC. social skills trainingD. an unethical procedure


- B