Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/53

Click to flip

53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
siesmograph
instroment used to measure vibrations from the earth
siesmogram
a tool used to measure earthquakes by using the epicenter of earthquakes
tsunami
a huge wave caused by an underwater earthquake
magnitude
how and earthquake is measured
strike slip fault
break in rock caused by shear forces where rocks move past eachother without too much movement
earthquake
vibrations or shaking, produced when rocks break along a fault
fault
surface along which rocks move when they reach their elastic limit
reverse fault
break in rock caused by compression forces where rock above the fault surface moves upward in relation to rock below the fault surface
normal fault
break in rock caused by tension forces where rock above the fault surface moves down in relation to rock below a fault surface
richter scale
invented by charles richter measures the magnitude
epicenter
the point drectly above the earths surface
secondary wave
travels through the body of the earth as series of crests troughs
primary wave
earthquake wave that travels through the earth 1st wave to reach a siesmograph station
focus
where all the waves from an earthquake start from
surface wave
moves in backwardssideways and sweying motion slowest but most dangerous
vortex
a rotating colunm of air
hurricane
massive rostating storms they form when warm moist air rises over tropical waters
intensity
the kind of damage done to an earthquake
siesmic waves
a wave caused by an earthquake
forcast
a prediction made about the weather by a meadorioigest
tempuature
a measuer of how hot or cold a matereal is; and indication of the amount of heat energy has been absorbed
heat
the state of a body perceived as having or generating a relatively high degree of warmth
humidity
moist damp air
doppler radar
a tool to see how the air is moving
air mass
a body of air with the same temp and moisture
sea breese
the flow of air from water to land
jet stream
strong winds in the troopsphere that travel 200 km per hour
land breese
the flow of air from land to water
easterlies
winds that flow east to west
westerlies
winds that flow west to east
global winds
winds that form between the equator and poles
moonson
verry powerful land and sea breeses that change direstions with the seasons
warm front
2 warm air meets air gradually moves up
trade winds
winds that flow towards the equator and turn western as they go. fromation from the earths movement
occualed front
when cold and cool air meet
cold front
when cold air meets warm air and cuases the warm air to move upward FAST!
convection
the transfer of heat by the circulation or movement of the heated parts of a liquid or gas
evaporation
when water gets absorbed into clouds
water cycle
the process of the the way the water moves
condesation
when the water from the land turns into tiny droplets of water
precipitation
when a form of liqud fall down from the sky
front
when air masses of diffrent temp pressure and humidity
density
the amount of matter in a given space
greenhouse gasses
gasses in the earths atmosphere such as water vapor and carbon dioxide that absorbs energy raided from the earth and prevent its escape
vaccum
a space with nothing in it
joseph henry
the father of forecasting
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a pitucular time and place
climate
weather conditions that have charactristic of reign or of a pitcular place over a log period of time
atmosphere
the thin blanket of gasses that surrounds the earth
radiation
the process which energy is transfered from one objectsuch as the sun to another without the space between them being heated
solar energy
energy from the sun
ellipse
an oval rottion around the sun
equinox
2 days of the year where the atemosphere recives the same amout to energy