Essay on The Exploration of Mars

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For decades, humans have wanted to see more of the planet we call Mars, the red planet. There have been many successful attempts to get a glimpse of the interesting planet, and scientists are still working on a better solution to get there. The first rover to explore Mars was "Mariner 4", which arrived on November 28, 1964. It was a spacecraft designated to orbit the planet of Mars, but not to land. It lasted for about 8 months, and was not able to survive much longer than that due to the conditions on and around Mars. Rovers before have captured images and samples, but this may not be enough to give us the full image of what is really happening on the diverse planet. What is the planet of Mars really like? Is it possible for us to find …show more content…
In the year of 1576, the astronomer Tycho Brahe used his bare eyes to calculate the position of Mars in the solar system, within 4 minutes of arc. One arcminute is equal to one sixtieth (1/60) of a degree, which means that his calculations were quite approximate, despite not using a telescope. He also concluded that the orbit of Mars is not a circle, but an ellipse. In the year of 1659, the Dutch physicist and astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovered a land feature which he called the Syrtis Major. The Syrtis Major is a dark marking, which is centered near 290° West and 10° North. It extends for 930 miles from Mars' equator and stretches for 620 miles west to east. Giovanni Schiaparelli was a famous Italian astronomer who lived from 1835 to 1910. In 1888, he announced the discovery of some narrow lines he saw on the planet of Mars, which he then called "canali". As Schiaparelli intended it to be, it was supposed to mean a channel, as it is in Italian. This term was soon misinterpreted as water canals by the English speakers, which were not visible on the planet of Mars. This led to many misunderstandings to come, and they are still not clear to this day. Another astronomer named Percival Lowell born in 1855 also heavily contributed to the study of Mars. He was the greatest believer and promoter of Schiaparelli's "canals". He soon devoted his entire studies to the exploration of Mars, and he built a private observatory in Arizona. Lowell made a new theory that

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