The Effects Of Parent Involvement On School Activities Essay

914 Words Feb 16th, 2016 4 Pages
For the last several decades the parental involvement has been studied by numerous researches. This chapter will review literature on the effects of parent involvement relating to school activities. Reasons for lack of parent involvement, programs and ideas to get parents involved will be explored.
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Parental involvement
Maccoby and Martin (1983) describe the parent involvement as the way as a parent is "committed to his or her role as a parent and to the fostering of optimal child development" (Maccoby & Martin, 1983, p. 48). Moreover Johnston (1998 p.192) states: “There is one irrefutable truth in education: parent involvement in the schools promotes student success and achievement.”
For the last decades the academic achievement of American students has been in the researchers’ attention. Furthermore higher student achievement implies a better future for American students (Epstein et al., 2009). The form of the partnership between parents and schools has evolved in time (Epstein & Sanders, 2002). Decades ago parents had the control over schooling by direct involvement in the teachers’ hiring process. Additionally by the middle of the 20th century we could distinguish a separation between the roles of schools and the roles of families. While families were responsible for moral and cultural education the schools were responsible for academic subject. As Hill and Taylor mention, presently school and families have formed partnerships and shared the roles for children 's…

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