Essay about Protestant Reformation

1687 Words May 30th, 2014 7 Pages
PAPER 1
(PROTESTANT REFORMATION)

DOUGLAS HOLLOWAY
STUDENT ID# 23766838

CHHI 302_DO5_201340
FALL 2013

DR. KEITH GOAD
LIBERTY UNIVERSITY
NOVEMBER 05, 2013

As a result of increased corruption in the Catholic Church, a significant number of priests in the 16th century tried to transform Christianity back to its previous Biblical basis and simplicity. Initially, priests channeled much of their efforts in reforming the church, but they discovered that it was very challenging, and the only viable solution was to split completely from the Catholic Church. There were four movements as a result of the reformation events. They include the Anglicans, Lutherans, Reformed Tradition (Calvin), and the Anabaptists. Key figures in the
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Lutheranism emerged out of Luther’s works. Luther also emphasized on singing of hymns when worshipping, and his teachings, as well as himself were greatly followed by Germans. However, Lutheranism; as a group of Protestantism, was not famous beyond Germany, despite the fact that the majority of Scandinavian Protestants believers are Lutherans. Lutheranism is also practiced in some parts of Australia and America, as well as in places where Germans settled.
Anglicanism
Anglicanism was formed as a result of the political war between Henry VIII (1491-1547), the English King, and the papacy. The King’s urge to divorce his wife, Catherine of Aragon, and the need for an heir led to the declaration of Henry in 1534 as England’s Head of the Church. The concerns of Henry’s were more secular than spiritual. He was also not considered a true Protestant as a result of him holding on to the fundamentals of Roman Catholicism. His primary purpose in the Church was to strengthen the position of England in Europe’s’ power structure. As a consequence, the Episcopal Church is more similar in practice, governance, and theology to the Roman Church than the Protestant Church in which the King was greatly linked with. However, the majority of scholars who surrounded Henry were genuine in their spiritual questioning. They also adhered to Luther’s teachings.
Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531)
He was the

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