Life Of Pi By Yann Martel Essay

1618 Words Aug 1st, 2014 7 Pages
Humans have fundamental requirements that need to be satisfied. These instincts follow Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs, a psychological theory. In Life of Pi by Yann Martel, Pi involuntarily focuses on Physiological, Safety, Social, Esteem, and Self-Actualization needs to get him through his early adolescence. Pi concentrations lead him through all the stages of Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs. On board the lifeboat Pi is on the edge of physical survival scouring fresh water and food. He stays away from helping the zebra for his own safety. Pi enforced himself to find a means of "getting… food, clothing, and shelter"(Martel 108) since he knew that the "supplies of water would not last forever"(Martel 190). Once Pi establishes his physiological needs he quickly tries to tame Richard Parker for his own safety. Pi "had no proof that… an oar provided real safety from Richard Parker"(Martel 164). He used his own food source to discipline the tiger and eventually became accepted as the alpha-male. Pi is social with Richard Parker creating an "alpha-omega relationship"(Martel 185); even helping save Richard Parker from death, dehydration, and starvation. Pi was the "source of food and water"(Martel 247) for Richard Parker but he also "respected his peace and quiet" (Martel 237), acting as a zookeeper and thus receiving respect and fulfilling his esteem needs from him. However, the reader only finds Pi pursuing self-actualization in Pondicherry where he did not worry about any other…

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