Essay about Intercultural Communication

21018 Words Jan 3rd, 2012 85 Pages
I. INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION. FRAMEWORK

"...the single greatest barrier to business success is the one erected by culture." Edward T. Hall and Mildred Reed Hall
Why study Intercultural Communication?
Cultural diversity and multiculturalism are the realities of everyday life for almost everyone. The growth of interdependence of people and cultures in the global society of the twenty-first century has forced us to pay more attention to intercultural issues. In order to live and function in this multicultural environment as effectively and meaningfully as possible, people must be competent in intercultural communication. Therefore, demands for intercultural communication skills are increasing as more and more businesses go
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The FSI was established by the U.S. Congress in the U.S. Department of State to train American development technicians and diplomats. Hall was the key intellectual in the FSI training program from 1950 to 1955.” (Gudykunst and Mody, Handbook of International and Intercultural Communication 2002, 2nd edition, p.2)

Hall introduced terms such as “intercultural tensions” and “intercultural problems” in 1950 and “intercultural communication” in 1959.

The field of ICC has continued to prosper in the United States considering the following reasons: • The United States provide many opportunities for people from different cultural backgrounds to communicate with each; • There are thousands of new immigrants entering the country every year; • The U.S. has large numbers of foreign students and tourists; and • The American involvement in the global economy: the majority of America’s Fortune 500 Corporations are multinational and transnational companies with numerous employees and offices in many different countries in the world.

There had also been an anthropological tradition in the study of race and culture in U.S. that contributed to the further development of ICC. Anthropologists such as Franz Boas, a professor of anthropology at Columbia University and some of his students which included Edward Sapir,

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