Concentration Camps Essays
political prisoners are detained and confined, typically under harsh
conditions, or place or situation characterized by extremely harsh
conditions. The first concentration camps were established in 1933 for
confinement of opponents of the Nazi Party. The supposed opposition soon
included all Jews, Gypsies, and certain other groups. By 1939 there were six
camps: Dachau, Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Mauthausen, Flossenburg, and
Auschwitz, or Auschwitz-Birkenau, is the best-known of all Nazi death
camps, though Auschwitz was just one of six extermination camps. It was also
a labor concentration camp, extracting prisoners' value …show more content…
prisoners had to endure roll call whereby they would stand for hours at
attention outdoors in the cold, wind, and rain or snow. Anyone who fell was
gassed. By the time the Auschwitz was destroyed and liberated in the summer
of 1944 , over 1.5 million Jews and 4 million people in total were murdered
at Auschwitz. Hess was arrested and tried at Nuremberg where he was convicted
and summarily hanged in 1947.
This is a version of the now famous story of the Polish dancer named
Horowitz, who bravely attacks an SS guard named Schillinger while he is
trying to force her to undress in the gas chamber, disguised as a shower. She
kills Schillinger with his own gun and wounds another guard before she is
machine-gunned to her own death. Roza Robota, who is hanged with three other
women for her role in the Birkenau Sonderkommando Uprising, just weeks before
all three Auschwitz camps are evacuated.
A list of some of the first camps and facts concerning them are shown on the
following pages. Many of these camps would later become death camps (Dachau,
Buchenwald most notably).
Created on July 15, 1937. First Commandant: Karl Koch. 86,000 inmates at its
peak. 240,000 people passed through its camps and sub-camps. Separate camps
for Poles, children, Gypsies, etc. Used for mass murder of Soviet POW's.